John R Stringham

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INTRODUCTION The mechanisms driving trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) remain to be defined, and its therapy demands an orchestrated replacement of specific blood products. Thrombelastography (TEG) is a tool to guide the TIC multicomponent therapy. Principal component analysis (PCA) is a statistical approach that identifies variable clusters; thus, we(More)
BACKGROUND The acute coagulopathy of trauma is present in up to one third of patients by the time of admission, and the recent CRASH-2 and MATTERs trials have focused worldwide attention on hyperfibrinolysis as a component of acute coagulopathy of trauma. Thromboelastography (TEG) is a powerful tool for analyzing fibrinolyis, but a clinically relevant(More)
BACKGROUND Early acute kidney injury (AKI) following trauma is associated with multiorgan failure and mortality. Leukotrienes have been implicated both in AKI and in acute lung injury. Activated 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) colocalizes with 5-LO-activating protein (FLAP) in the first step of leukotriene production following trauma and hemorrhagic shock (T/HS).(More)
The existing evidence shows great promise for plasma as the first resuscitation fluid in both civilian and military trauma. We embarked on the Control of Major Bleeding After Trauma (COMBAT) trial with the support of the Department of Defense to determine if plasma-first resuscitation yields hemostatic and survival benefits. The methodology of the COMBAT(More)
BACKGROUND Up to 25% of severely injured patients develop trauma-induced coagulopathy. To study interventions for this vulnerable population for whom consent cannot be obtained easily, the Food and Drug Administration issued regulations for emergency research with an exception from informed consent (ER-EIC). We describe the community consultation and public(More)
BACKGROUND Growing evidence suggests platelets are essential in posttraumatic, acute lung injury (ALI). Halogenated ethers interfere with the formation of platelet-granulocyte aggregates. The potential benefit of halogenated ethers has not been investigated in models of trauma/hemorrhagic shock (T/HS). Therefore, we hypothesized that isoflurane decreases(More)
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