John R Scheffer

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Onion exhibits wide genetic and environmental variation in bioactive organosulfur compounds that impart pungency and health benefits. A PCR-based molecular marker map that included candidate genes for sulfur assimilation was used to identify genomic regions affecting pungency in the cross 'W202A' × 'Texas Grano 438'. Linkage mapping revealed that genes(More)
The non-structural dry matter content of onion bulbs consists principally of fructose, glucose, sucrose and fructans. The objective of this study was to understand the genetic basis for the wide variation observed in the relative amounts of these carbohydrates. Bulb carbohydrate composition was evaluated in progeny from crosses between high dry matter(More)
A prerequisite for the development of structure-reactivity correlations for photoreactive crystalline materials is to have detailed knowledge of the structural properties of the reactant crystalline phase. In some cases, however, the materials of interest can be prepared only as microcrystalline powders and are not amenable to structural characterization by(More)
[reaction: see text]. The solution and solid-state photochemistry of a series of aryl 1-phenylcyclopentyl ketones (1) was investigated. While typical Norrish type I products were formed in solution, irradiation of crystals of 1 afforded the novel oxetanes 3 and 4 regiospecifically. The formation of the oxetanes is believed to occur through Norrish type I(More)
Three different approaches to asymmetric induction in the cis-to-trans photoisomerization of a number of 1-benzoyl-2,3-diphenylcyclopropane derivatives are reported: the use of chiral inductors and covalent chiral auxiliaries in MY zeolites and the use of ionic chiral auxiliaries in crystals. High levels of asymmetric induction were achieved using the(More)
Structure-reactivity correlations for triplet 1,4-hydroxybiradicals in solution are made difficult by the presence of multiple reactive conformers and the possibility of conformation-dependent intersystem crossing. These problems can be overcome by working in the crystalline state, where the conformations of the 1,4-hydroxybiradicals are fixed and(More)
[reaction: see text]. Several approaches to asymmetric induction in the alpha-oxoamide (1) to beta-lactam (2) photorearrangement are described. Best results are obtained via irradiation of ionic and covalent chiral auxiliary-containing reactants in the crystalline state and in the interior supercages of zeolites.
Irradiation of cis-bicyclo[4.3.0]non-8-ylacetophenone derivatives (1) in solution and the solid state yields cis-3a,4,5,6,7,7a-hexahydro-1H-indene (2) via a Norrish type II cleavage process. Asymmetric induction studies were conducted by providing the reactants with carboxylic acid substituents to which ionic chiral auxiliaries were attached through salt(More)
11-Azapentacyclo[6.2.1.0.0.0]decane (6a) as well as its 6,7-dimethyl derivative 6b was synthesized by a novel, four-step sequence that holds promise for the construction of a variety of cage compounds with bridging nitrogen atoms. The hydrochloride salt of 6a was shown to possess no antiviral activity against either the influenza virus A/Victoria/3/75 or(More)
Irradiation of 2-benzoyladamantane derivatives in zeolites yields the endo-cyclobutanols as the only photoproduct via a gamma-hydrogen abstraction process. The cyclobutanols readily undergo retro-aldol reaction to give delta-ketoesters. The enantiomeric excess (ee) in the endo-cyclobutanols is measured by monitoring the ee in the ketoesters. Whereas in(More)