John R. Salsbury

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INTRODUCTION Endothelial dysfunction is a hallmark of sepsis, associated with lung transvascular fluid flux and pulmonary dysfunction in septic patients. We tested the hypothesis that methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) sepsis following smoke inhalation increases pulmonary transvascular fluid flux via excessive nitric oxide (NO) production.(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) influences microvascular integrity. NO synthase inhibitors are regarded as therapeutic options, but their impact on the pulmonary microvasculature is not well defined. We studied the microvascular effects of the nonselective NO synthase inhibitor N(omega)-nitro L-arginine methylester (L-NAME) in healthy sheep and during systemic(More)
Massive cutaneous burn combined with smoke inhalation causes high mortality in fire victims. Cyclo-oxygenase (COX) and inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthase (iNOS) have been shown to be up-regulated in burn injury. Ketorolac, a non-steroidal, anti-inflammatory agent (NSAID), inhibits prostaglandin and thromboxane synthesis through inhibition of COX. NSAIDs(More)
BACKGROUND Animal models that mimic human biology are important for successful translation of basic science discoveries into the clinical practice. Recent studies in rodents have demonstrated the efficacy of TLR4 agonists as immunomodulators in models of infection. However, rodent models have been criticized for not mimicking important characteristics of(More)
This study was designed as a prospective laboratory experiment to evaluate the effects of the ATP-sensitive potassium-channel inhibitor glibenclamide on hemodynamics and end-organ function in an ovine model of hemorrhagic shock. Twenty-four adult sheep were anesthetized and surgically prepared to measure hemodynamics of the systemic and pulmonary(More)
In this study, a lung infection model of pneumonia in sheep (n = 12) that included smoke inhalation injury followed by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus placement into the lungs was used to investigate hemodynamic and pulmonary dysfunctions during the course of sepsis progression. To assess the variability in disease progression, animals were(More)
Rodent models of hemorrhagic shock are paramount to our understanding of the pathophysiology of this disease, the effects on coagulation and in exploring the utility of resuscitative methods for managing patients in shock. These models usually require serial blood sampling during experimentation. The lack of standardized practices for these experimental(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effects of combined burn and smoke inhalation injury on hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction, 3-nitrotyrosine formation, and respiratory function in adult sheep. DESIGN Prospective, placebo-controlled, randomized, single-blinded trial. SETTING University research laboratory. SUBJECTS Twelve chronically instrumented ewes. (More)
Hemorrhagic shock (HS) and trauma is currently the leading cause of death in young adults worldwide. Morbidity and mortality after HS and trauma is often the result of multi-organ failure such as acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), conditions with few therapeutic options. Bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs)(More)
Physiological compensatory mechanisms can mask the extent of hemorrhage in conscious mammals, which can be further complicated by individual tolerance and variations in hemorrhage onset and duration. We assessed the effect of hemorrhage rate on tolerance and early physiologic responses to hemorrhage in conscious sheep. Eight Merino ewes (37.4 ± 1.1 kg) were(More)