John R. Rogosheske

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Mycophenolate mofetil is used increasingly to provide immunosuppression after nonmyeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. There is wide variability in the pharmacokinetics of mycophenolic acid (MPA), the active metabolite, and low concentrations are associated with rejection after organ transplantation. We hypothesized that low MPA was(More)
Cyclosporine-based immunosuppression is common after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Elevated cyclosporine concentrations are associated with significant toxicity and often result in the temporary cessation or discontinuation of cyclosporine. Low blood concentrations also result in significant immunologic risks, primarily(More)
BACKGROUND This study examines the effects of the most commonly used graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylactic drugs on inducing apoptosis and suppressor cell function of human umbilical cord blood (UCB) CD4+25+ Treg and CD4+25- cells. METHODS Cyclosporin A (CSA), methylprednisolone (MP), methotrexate (MTX), and mycophenolic acid (MPA) were added to(More)
Painful oral mucositis is a common complication after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Glutamine is a nutrient for rapidly dividing cells and the major energy source for intestinal epithelium. This study tested whether an oral glutamine preparation could decrease the severity of oral mucositis in patients undergoing BMT. Glutamine or a placebo (glycine)(More)
To determine the comparative anti-emetic efficacy of ondansetron and granisetron in patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation, we performed a double-blind, randomized trial in pediatric and adult patients receiving transplants at the University of Minnesota. The results in 187 patients stratified by age (<18 years, n = 51; > or =18 years, n = 136)(More)
We studied whether early CsA trough levels were associated with the risk of acute GVHD in 337 patients after either sibling PBSC or double umbilical cord blood transplantation. All patients, regardless of donor type, started CsA at a dose of 5 mg/kg i.v. divided twice daily, targeting trough concentrations 200–400 ng/mL. The CsA level was studied by a(More)
Mycophenolic acid (MPA) is the active component of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF). Low MPA exposure is associated with a higher incidence of acute GVHD and possibly worse engraftment. Therapeutic plasma targets have been proposed in hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), however, are difficult to achieve in adult patients with MMF doses of 2 g/day.(More)
Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is frequently used in hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis and to facilitate engraftment. We previously reported that a higher level of mycophenolic acid can be achieved with an MMF dose of 3 g/day than with 2 g/day. Here, we retrospectively compared clinical outcomes of(More)
No clear dosing guidelines exist for cyclophosphamide (Cy) dose adjustments in obese patients treated with high-dose chemoradiotherapy followed by autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). We prospectively compared the outcomes of high-dose Cy/total body irradiation (TBI) conditioning in 147 non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) patients in 3 weight groups:(More)