John R Porter

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The lignan podophyllotoxin (1) is highly valued as the precursor to clinically useful anticancer drugs. Substantial drug development of this compound class continues, including potential new use for inflammatory disease. We have isolated two endophyte fungi, both strains of Phialocephala fortinii, from rhizomes of the plant Podophyllum peltatum. The fungi(More)
The yield and quality of food crops is central to the well being of humans and is directly affected by climate and weather. Initial studies of climate change on crops focussed on effects of increased carbon dioxide (CO2) level and/or global mean temperature and/or rainfall and nutrition on crop production. However, crops can respond nonlinearly to changes(More)
Because of global land surface warming, extreme temperature events are expected to occur more often and more intensely, affecting the growth and development of the major cereal crops in several ways, thus affecting the production component of food security. In this study, we have identified rice and maize crop responses to temperature in different, but(More)
We report measurements of single-particle inclusive spectra and two-particle azimuthal distributions of charged hadrons at high transverse momentum (high p(T)) in minimum bias and central d+Au collisions at sqrt[s(NN)]=200 GeV. The inclusive yield is enhanced in d+Au collisions relative to binary-scaled p+p collisions, while the two-particle azimuthal(More)
We report high statistics measurements of inclusive charged hadron production in Au+Au and p+p collisions at sqrt[s(NN)]=200 GeV. A large, approximately constant hadron suppression is observed in central Au+Au collisions for 5<p(T)<12 GeV/c. The collision energy dependence of the yields and the centrality and p(T) dependence of the suppression provide(More)
The use of fluorescence-activated flow cytometric cell sorting to obtain highly enriched populations of viable target bacteria was investigated. Preliminary studies employed mixtures of Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Cells of S. aureus, when mixed in different proportions with E. coli, could be selectively recovered at a purity in excess of(More)
The production of the steroidal alkaloid solasodine, an alternative to diosgenin as a precursor for the commercial production of steroid drugs, was studied in hairy root, callus, and cell suspension cultures of Solanum aviculare Forst. through manipulation of culture medium. The individual and combined effects of medium components on the growth index and(More)
In agroecosystems, carbon (C) inputs come from plant roots, retained shoot residues and in some cases from applied manures. Manure and shoot derived C inputs are relatively easy to determine. Conversely, high costs associated with root measurements have caused knowledge on root C input to remain scant. This study aimed at determining macro-root C input and(More)
A functional explanation for the regulation of grain nitrogen (N) accumulation in cereal by environmental and genetic factors remains elusive. Here, new mechanistic hypotheses of grain N accumulation are proposed and tested for wheat (Triticum aestivum). First, we tested experimentally the hypothesis that grain N accumulation is mostly source regulated.(More)
Direct detection of Escherichia coli from polluted river water was achieved using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of the uid gene. Amplification using DNA from environmental samples resulted in non-specific DNA fragments. Specific amplification was achieved through use of the touch-down PCR procedure. Targeting the uidA structural region of(More)