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In certain simple rotations of objects, the orientation of the axis and planes of rotation can determine whether people are able to visualize the motion or perceive it as simple and coherent. This finding affords the opportunity to investigate the spatial reference systems used to define the orientation of the axis and planes of rotation. The results of two(More)
Mental imagery of rotational motion across variation in the orientation of a square to an axis of rotation, the orientation of the axis to the environment/viewer, and the starting orientation of the rotation were investigated in three experiments. The experimental method included specifying the particular rotations that subjects should consider and(More)
The generalized cone is one of the newer concepts useful for describing spatial structures, and it has become popular as a volumetric primitive in models of object recognition. Apart from this use of the concept (or perhaps underlying it), the generalized cone can be considered a species of spatial regularity. In the general definition of symmetry as(More)
The results of two experiments suggest that strong constraints on the ability to imagine rotations extend to the perception of rotations. Participants viewed stereographic perspective views of rotating squares, regular polyhedra, and a variety of polyhedral generalized cones, and attempted to indicate the orientation of the axis and planes of rotation in(More)
Four experiments were conducted to investigate whether variations in orientation that profoundly affect the ability to imagine rotations also affect the ability to imagine projective transformations. For a basic rectilinear object and the three simpler Platonic Solids, imagining projective transformations (e.g., the casting of a shadow) was quite successful(More)
There is a broad effort underway to reduce the frequency of medical error. This effort will be facilitated by understanding the causes of human error and the methods that serve to reduce it in settings comparable to medical practice. To serve this end, this article is a review of cognitive psychology as it relates to the origins of human error and an(More)