John R. Pani

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Mental imagery of rotational motion across variation in the orientation of a square to an axis of rotation, the orientation of the axis to the environment/viewer, and the starting orientation of the rotation were investigated in three experiments. The experimental method included specifying the particular rotations that subjects should consider and(More)
In certain simple rotations of objects, the orientation of the axis and planes of rotation can determine whether people are able to visualize the motion or perceive it as simple and coherent. This finding affords the opportunity to investigate the spatial reference systems used to define the orientation of the axis and planes of rotation. The results of two(More)
The ability to see an object or picture as a set of parts and then to construct a replica of the original from these parts is known as visuospatial constructive cognition. Examples of visuospatial construction include drawing, buttoning shirts, constructing models, making a bed, and putting together furniture that arrives unassembled. Visuospatial(More)
The generalized cone is one of the newer concepts useful for describing spatial structures, and it has become popular as a volumetric primitive in models of object recognition. Apart from this use of the concept (or perhaps underlying it), the generalized cone can be considered a species of spatial regularity. In the general definition of symmetry as(More)
A longitudinal experiment was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of new methods for learning neuroanatomy with computer-based instruction. Using a 3D graphical model of the human brain, and sections derived from the model, tools for exploring neuroanatomy were developed to encourage adaptive exploration. This is an instructional method which(More)
The results of two experiments suggest that strong constraints on the ability to imagine rotations extend to the perception of rotations. Participants viewed stereographic perspective views of rotating squares, regular polyhedra, and a variety of polyhedral generalized cones, and attempted to indicate the orientation of the axis and planes of rotation in(More)
Four experiments were conducted to investigate whether variations in orientation that profoundly affect the ability to imagine rotations also affect the ability to imagine projective transformations. For a basic rectilinear object and the three simpler Platonic Solids, imagining projective transformations (e.g., the casting of a shadow) was quite successful(More)
Mental images are one of the more obvious aspects of human conscious experience. Familiar idioms such as "the mind's eye" reflect the high status of the image in metacognition. Theoretically, a defining characteristic of mental images is that they can be analog representations. But this has led to an enduring puzzle in cognitive psychology: How do "mental(More)