John R. Ortaldo

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The human cytokine interferon-inducible protein 10 (IP-10) is a small glycoprotein secreted by activated T cells, monocytes, endothelial cells, and keratinocytes, and is structurally related to a family of chemotactic cytokines called chemokines. Although this protein is present in sites of delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions and lepromatous leprosy(More)
Interleukin-2 is an autocrine growth factor for T cells which also activates other cells including B cells and natural killer cells. The subunits of the interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R) lack intrinsic enzymatic activity, but protein tyrosine phosphorylation is a critical event following ligand binding and src family kinases, such as Lck, are known to be(More)
Interleukin (IL-12) has many effects on the function of natural killer and T cells, and is important in the control of cell-mediated immunity. IL-2 and IL-12 display many similar activities, yet each also induces a distinct set of responses. A human IL-12 receptor subunit has recently been cloned and, like the IL-2R beta and IL-2R gamma, is a member of the(More)
Large granular lymphocyte (LGL) 1 is a cell surface glycoprotein expressed on a subset (50%) of C57BL/6 natural killer (NK) cells. Immunoprecipitation experiments reveal that the LGL-1 protein exists as a disulfide-linked 40-kD homodimer. Functional studies of LGL-1+ cells indicate that selected H-2d target cells are not lysed efficiently by these(More)
We examined purified human large granular lymphocytes, peripheral monocytes, and T cells for their ability to mediate antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) with murine monoclonal antibodies. We also evaluated the effects of pretreatment of cells with interleukin 2 and interferon to augment ADCC activity. MB3.6, a murine monoclonal antibody(More)
IL-18 is considered to be a strong cofactor for CD4+ T helper 1 (Th1) cell induction. We have recently reported that IL-18 can induce IL-13 production in both NK cells and T cells in synergy with IL-2 but not IL-12, suggesting IL-18 can induce Th1 and Th2 cytokines when accompanied by the appropriate first signals for T cells. We have now found that IL-18(More)
The Ly49 family of NK cell receptors and its MHC-binding characteristics have only been well characterized in C57BL/6 (B6) mice. Previous studies have shown that 129/J mice express unique Ly49 genes that are not found in the B6 strain. Screening of a 129/J cDNA library led to the discovery of 10 distinct full-length Ly49-related coding sequences (Ly49e, g,(More)
We examined highly purified populations of NK cells, T cells, monocytes, and PMN with a variety of monoclonal reagents presumed specific for T cells and monocytes. The enriched NK cells showed a pattern of reactivity that was distinct from that of the other 3 populations, sharing antigens with T cells but also sharing antigens with monocytes and/or PMN. A(More)