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DNA transfer and its possible role in explaining the presence of a biological sample at a crime scene is becoming more prevalent in criminal investigations and related court proceedings. To assist understanding of DNA transfer and assess the extent to which we can utilise already available information regarding transfer of DNA we compare transfer rates(More)
Use of the Positioning Ablation Laser MicroBeam (PALM) microlaser system to isolate specific cellular components from somatic cellular mixtures (blood and saliva) prior to DNA extraction and typing is compared with routine DNA extraction and typing of the same mixture samples. Mixtures of blood and saliva at differing ratios generated complex DNA profiles(More)
In this work, the effect of water uptake on the structural reorganization and elastic properties of three types of biopolymer films was studied. The water-biopolymer interaction for hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC), gelatin, and cassava starch films prepared from aqueous solutions was studied and compared using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR),(More)
Some effects of water at levels up to 25% (dry solids basis db) on regenerated cellulose films with a thickness of 100 mum were investigated by dynamic vapor sorption (DVS), X-ray diffraction, tensile testing, and proton-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). The sorption isotherm fitted by the D'Arcy and Watt model and the increase in NMR T(2) with water(More)
Crime scene samples after their collection are packaged and transported to the laboratory for examination and DNA analysis. The amount and location of DNA-containing material retrieved from an exhibit can be critical in acquiring a profile for incrimination or exclusion purposes and for elucidating criminal events. This paper shows that significant(More)
Dynamic mechanical techniques are used increasingly in the investigation of vitrification phenomena in biological materials, thus posing the question of whether the rheological T(g) should be compared with the established practice of obtaining T(g) values from differential scanning calorimetry. The nature of the rheological T(g) is discussed and its(More)
Glycerol is often added to starches to plasticize the product, but the presence of glycerol may also affect the water content of the samples. To evaluate the effect of glycerol on the sorption properties of starches, waxy maize, rice, and wheat starch were thermomechanically extruded in the presence of glycerol. Sorption isotherms of these extruded samples(More)
Processing xanthan gum by extrusion and subsequent drying produces a biopolymer showing particulate, rather than molecular behaviour in aqueous solution. This form of xanthan disperses very readily to give a viscosity that is strongly dependent on salt concentration. On heating above the temperature of the order-disorder transition as determined by(More)
Sensory scores for saltiness and thickness obtained for savory liquids thickened with starches or the nonstarch hydrocolloid hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose (HPMC) were correlated with the panelists' amylase activity. Although higher enzyme activities were linked to lower thickness scores for systems thickened by starch, they were also associated with a(More)