John R. Mitchell

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DNA transfer and its possible role in explaining the presence of a biological sample at a crime scene is becoming more prevalent in criminal investigations and related court proceedings. To assist understanding of DNA transfer and assess the extent to which we can utilise already available information regarding transfer of DNA we compare transfer rates(More)
Use of the Positioning Ablation Laser MicroBeam (PALM) microlaser system to isolate specific cellular components from somatic cellular mixtures (blood and saliva) prior to DNA extraction and typing is compared with routine DNA extraction and typing of the same mixture samples. Mixtures of blood and saliva at differing ratios generated complex DNA profiles(More)
The search for a method that utilizes biological information to predict humans' place of origin has occupied scientists for millennia. Over the past four decades, scientists have employed genetic data in an effort to achieve this goal but with limited success. While biogeographical algorithms using next-generation sequencing data have achieved an accuracy(More)
With an increasing consumption of lipids nowadays, decreasing the fat content in food products has become a trend. Chocolate is a fat-based suspension that contains about 30%wt fat. Reducing fat content causes an increase in the molten chocolate viscosity. This leads to 2 major issues: difficulties in the process and a loss of eating quality in the final(More)
Glycerol is often added to starches to plasticize the product, but the presence of glycerol may also affect the water content of the samples. To evaluate the effect of glycerol on the sorption properties of starches, waxy maize, rice, and wheat starch were thermomechanically extruded in the presence of glycerol. Sorption isotherms of these extruded samples(More)
Two endothermic peaks could be observed for five commercial samples of bovine serum albumin (BSA). The smaller peak observed by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) corresponded to enthalpy relaxation. This peak was followed on storage of BSA, in its glassy state, after it had been heated above its denaturation temperature. Enthalpy and peak temperature(More)
Dynamic mechanical techniques are used increasingly in the investigation of vitrification phenomena in biological materials, thus posing the question of whether the rheological T(g) should be compared with the established practice of obtaining T(g) values from differential scanning calorimetry. The nature of the rheological T(g) is discussed and its(More)
Crime scene samples after their collection are packaged and transported to the laboratory for examination and DNA analysis. The amount and location of DNA-containing material retrieved from an exhibit can be critical in acquiring a profile for incrimination or exclusion purposes and for elucidating criminal events. This paper shows that significant(More)
In this work, the effect of water uptake on the structural reorganization and elastic properties of three types of biopolymer films was studied. The water-biopolymer interaction for hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC), gelatin, and cassava starch films prepared from aqueous solutions was studied and compared using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR),(More)
Some effects of water at levels up to 25% (dry solids basis db) on regenerated cellulose films with a thickness of 100 mum were investigated by dynamic vapor sorption (DVS), X-ray diffraction, tensile testing, and proton-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). The sorption isotherm fitted by the D'Arcy and Watt model and the increase in NMR T(2) with water(More)