John R. Mills

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Genetically engineered mouse models are powerful tools for studying cancer genes and validating targets for cancer therapy. We previously used a mouse lymphoma model to demonstrate that the translation initiation factor eIF4E is a potent oncogene in vivo. Using the same model, we now show that the oncogenic activity of eIF4E correlates with its ability to(More)
The Myc/Max/Mad family of transcription factors and the eukaryotic initiation factor 4F (eIF4F) complex play fundamental roles in regulating cell growth, proliferation, differentiation, and oncogenic transformation. eIF4F is involved in the recruitment of ribosomes to mRNAs and is thought to generally be the rate-limiting phase of translation. Here, we show(More)
Cytoplasmic stress granules (SGs) are specialized regulatory sites of mRNA translation that form under different stress conditions known to inhibit translation initiation. The formation of SG occurs via two pathways; the eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF) 2alpha phosphorylation-dependent pathway mediated by stress and the eIF2alpha(More)
The AKT-mTOR pathway harbors several known and putative oncogenes and tumor suppressors. In a phenotypic screen for lymphomagenesis, we tested candidate genes acting upstream of and downstream from mTOR in vivo. We find that Rheb, a proximal activator of mTORC1, can produce rapid development of aggressive and drug-resistant lymphomas. Rheb causes(More)
ABT-737 is a promising chemotherapeutic agent that promotes apoptosis by acting as a selective BH3 mimetic to neutralize Bcl-2-like family members. One shortcoming with its use is that Mcl-1, a member of the Bcl-2 family, is poorly inhibited by ABT-737 and thus is a major cause of resistance. We performed a short hairpin RNA (shRNA)-based drop-out screen to(More)
RNAi combined with next-generation sequencing has proven to be a powerful and cost-effective genetic screening platform in mammalian cells. Still, this technology has its limitations and is incompatible with in situ mutagenesis screens on a genome-wide scale. Using p53 as a proof-of-principle target, we readapted the CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced(More)
Mcl-1, a pro-survival member of the Bcl-2 family located at the mitochondrial outer membrane, is subject to constitutive ubiquitylation by the Bcl-2 homology 3-only E3 ligase, Mule/Lasu1, resulting in rapid steady-state degradation via the proteasome. Insertion of newly synthesized Mcl-1 into the mitochondrial outer membrane is dependent on its C-terminal(More)
A defining feature of many cancers is deregulated translational control. Typically, this occurs at the level of recruitment of the 40S ribosomes to the 5'-cap of cellular messenger RNAs (mRNAs), the rate-limiting step of protein synthesis, which is controlled by the heterotrimeric eukaryotic initiation complex eIF4F. Thus, eIF4F in particular, and(More)
Elimination of myeloid leukemia cell 1 (Mcl-1) is an early event in the onset of cell death following DNA damage and, in many settings, plays a critical role in dictating the success of chemotherapeutic agents. Following DNA damage, Mcl-1 is rapidly and efficiently targeted to the 26S proteasome through the action of E3 ubiquitin ligases. Tumors having(More)
Anorexia-cachexia syndrome (ACS) is a major determinant of cancer-related death that causes progressive body weight loss due to depletion of skeletal muscle mass and body fat. Here, we report the development of a novel preclinical murine model of ACS in which lymphomas harbor elevated Myc and activated mTOR signaling. The ACS phenotype in this model(More)