John R. Mercer

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In contrast to reports of extensive hypoxia in human gliomas in situ measured by pO2 histography, non-invasive methods of assessing glioma oxygenation, including nitroimidazole binding, have yielded surprisingly contradictory results. In order to investigate the relationship of necrosis, hypoxia, nitroreductase activity and cellular respiration in human(More)
1-(5-Iodo-5-deoxy-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl)-2-nitroimidazole (IAZA) has been synthesised and labeled with 125I. Radioiodinated IAZA was shown to undergo hypoxia-dependent binding in EMT-6 cells in vitro and to have an initial binding rate of 284 pmole/10(6) cells/hr at a substrate concentration of 30 microM. This binding rate is more than three times that of(More)
INTRODUCTION A novel compound with the potential for "targeted" therapy for cancer patients was prepared using a conjugate between the potent anticancer drug Gemzar (gemcitabine) and a bisphosphonate. This conjugate would be expected to accumulate at sites of bone metastatic cancer by virtue of an affinity of the bisphosphonate for bone undergoing(More)
Tumour oxygenation status in individual patients may be assessed using the bioreduction and linkage of 2-nitroimidazole markers to viable hypoxic cells in vivo with subsequent detection by conventional nuclear medicine techniques. Iodoazomycin arabinoside (IAZA) was radiolabelled with Iodine-123 and administered i.v. to 51 patients with newly diagnosed(More)
In vivo small rodent efficacy testing of new synthetic and biological molecules for the pulmonary route requires an efficient delivery device. For this purpose, a nose-only inhalation chamber was used to deliver aerosolized aqueous compounds to the respiratory tract of mice. The aim of the study was to determine the efficiency of dose delivery and(More)
UNLABELLED (18)F-3'-Deoxy-3'-fluorothymidine ((18)F-FLT) is a PET tracer that accumulates in proliferating tissues. The current study was undertaken to determine whether equilibrative nucleoside transporter 1 (ENT1) is important for (18)F-FLT uptake in normal tissues and tumors. METHODS ENT1-knockout (ENT1(-/-)) mice were generated and compared with(More)
1-(2-Fluoro-4-iodo-2,4-dideoxy-beta-L-xylopyranosyl)-2-nitroimidazole (FIAZP) has been synthesized and labeled with radioiodine (125I). Radioiodinated FIAZP is one of a series of sugar-coupled 2-nitroimidazoles developed in our laboratory as probes for noninvasive scintigraphic assessment of tumor hypoxia. An in vivo biodistribution study with [125I]FIAZP(More)
UNLABELLED 123I-Labeled iodoazomycin arabinoside (IAZA) is a marker of hypoxia in vivo. It has been used clinically to image hypoxic tissue in solid tumors, peripheral vascular disease of diabetic origin, blunt brain trauma, and rheumatoid joints and in an animal model of cerebrovascular disease. The radiation dose biodistribution for 123I-IAZA was studied(More)
123I-labelled iodoazomycin arabinoside (123I-IAZA) is an experimental radiopharmaceutical that has been shown to have clinical utility for imaging regional tissue hypoxia. We report the clinical pharmacokinetics of IAZA, the radiopharmacokinetics of 123I-IAZA and total radioactivity kinetics after injection of 123I-IAZA. Six healthy volunteers each received(More)
Two new bisphosphonates have been examined for their ability to bind 188Re and deliver it selectively to bone. The bisphosphonates are prototype compounds with potential to deliver rhenium radionuclides and a second therapy modality to bone metastases. A conjugate between diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid and bisphosphonate (DTPA/BP) and a conjugate(More)