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The study examined the psychometric properties, factor structure and validity of a recently developed measure of insight, the Beck Cognitive Insight Scale (BCIS) and tested the relationship between the BCIS and psychiatric symptoms in a sample of middle-aged and older patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. The BCIS measures the ability of(More)
Cognitive Behavioral Social Skills Training (CBSST) is a 24-session weekly group therapy intervention to improve functioning in people with schizophrenia. In our prior randomized clinical trial comparing treatment as usual (TAU) with TAU plus group CBSST (Granholm, E., McQuaid, J.R., McClure, F.S., Auslander, L., Perivoliotis, D., Pedrelli, P., Patterson,(More)
This study is a randomized, waitlist-controlled trial testing the effect of a brief, "manualized" cognitive-behavioral group therapy on distress associated with tinnitus, quality of well-being, psychological distress including depression, and internal focus. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) included training in activity planning, relaxation training and,(More)
Poor insight (awareness of having a mental illness that requires treatment) is common in schizophrenia and typically predicts poor outcome, yet greater insight has been linked to negative outcomes, including hopelessness. This study focused on two questions: (1) Does insight moderate the effects of cognitive-behavioral social skills training (CBSST) on(More)
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a prevalent disorder that adversely affects 2-5% of the general population. Little is known about PTSD in the primary care setting. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the utility of a screening instrument for PTSD (the PCL-C) in primary care and to examine comorbidity, disability, and patterns of(More)
Recent exploratory [Taylor, S., Kuch, K., Koch, W. J., Crockett, D. J., & Passey, G. (1998). The structure of posttraumatic stress symptoms. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 107, 154-160.] and confirmatory [Buckley, T. C., Blanchard, E. B., & Hickling, E. J. (1998). A confirmatory factor analysis of posttraumatic stress symptoms. Behaviour Research and(More)
BACKGROUND According to cognitive diathesis-stress theories, a latent cognitive vulnerability to depression is activated by negative affect in individuals at risk for depressive relapse. This vulnerability can manifest as mood-congruent memory during sad mood and may involve amygdala response, which is implicated in memory for emotionally arousing stimuli.(More)
OBJECTIVE The number of older patients with chronic schizophrenia is increasing. There is a need for empirically validated psychotherapy interventions for these patients. Cognitive behavioral social skills training teaches cognitive and behavioral coping techniques, social functioning skills, problem solving, and compensatory aids for neurocognitive(More)
Research on life stress has been characterized by inconsistent results, which some researchers attribute to different assessment methodologies. Generally, studies have used either self-report checklists or investigator-based interviews. To test whether different results are derived from these approaches, the authors compared information from a self-report(More)
Twenty percent of people endure tinnitus to a degree that their quality of well-being and productivity in life are impaired, and up to 60% report depression. Four measures are widely used to assess tinnitus-related distress, yet the relationship among all four measures or their relationship to relevant psychiatric variables has yet to be studied. This study(More)