John R Lupien

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The effect of electrolytic lesions in the ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) and the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) has been compared during both the dynamic and static phase of weight gain. Hyperphagia and weight gain were greater in the VMH-lesioned rats than in the PVN-lesioned rats. Food intake increased at night after both lesions but increased in the(More)
Hypothalamic and genetic obesities in rodents are usually associated with reproductive impairments, but the underlying etiology of the latter is not clear because of concomitant metabolic abnormalities in these animal models. In the present study metabolically intact rats were used and obesity was developed by offering the rats a cafeteria-type diet. Purina(More)
The effects of adrenalectomy in rats with ventromedial or paraventricular hypothalamic lesions have been studied in two experiments. Rats with ventromedial hypothalamic lesions or lesions in the paraventricular nucleus were allowed to gain weight for fourteen days at which time they were adrenalectomized. Before adrenalectomy, animals with VMH lesions ate(More)
Data indicate a close association between a decrease in feeding-induced brown adipose tissue (BAT) thermogenesis and an increase in food consumption. The present study examines the hypothesis that feeding-induced BAT thermogenesis, or feeding-induced changes in BAT glycogen, a mobile form of energy store and a correlate of BAT thermogenesis, may modulate(More)
The effects of treatment with fenfluramine or electrolytic lesions in the lateral hypothalamus (LH) on binding of guanosine 5-diphosphate (GDP) by mitochondria from brown adipose tissue have been compared in 4 experiments. In 2 experiments the lesions were lateral to the anterior hypothalamic nucleus and in the other two they were lateral to the(More)
These experiments have tested the effects of treatment with fenfluramine on the GDP-binding to mitochondria isolated from interscapular brown adipose tissue in vitro. In acute studies, the binding of GDP was significantly increased after 3, 24, and 48 hours of treatment with a single dose of 20 mg/kg of body weight. Addition of fenfluramine in vitro,(More)
This study has tested the hypothesis that nicotine might increase thermogenesis in rats by activating the sympathetic nervous system which supplies brown adipose tissue. Three hours after a single injection of nicotine, both the turnover of norepinephrine and the binding of the purine nucleotide, guanosine 5'-diphosphate (GDP) to mitochondria from brown(More)
Amphetamine, diethylpropion and mazindol were administered to rats in both acute and chronic experiments to measure the changes in purine nucleotide (GDP) binding to the mitochondria from interscapular brown adipose tissue. There was a dose-dependent response to acute treatment with mazindol, but no such effect with diethylpropion. The effects of mazindol(More)
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