John R. Lloyd

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Six new depsipeptides belonging to two different structural classes, termed celebesides A-C and theopapuamides B-D, have been isolated from the marine sponge Siliquariaspongia mirabilis. Their structures were determined using extensive 2D NMR and ESI-MS/MS techniques. Celebesides are unusual cyclic depsipeptides that comprise a polyketide moiety and five(More)
The platinum drugs cisplatin, carboplatin, and oxaliplatin are highly utilized in the clinic and as a consequence are extensively studied in the laboratory setting. In this study, we examined the literature and found a significant number of studies (11%-34%) in prominent cancer journals utilizing cisplatin dissolved in DMSO. However, dissolving cisplatin in(More)
A new sulfated cyclic depsipeptide, termed mutremdamide A, and six new highly N-methylated peptides, termed koshikamides C-H, were isolated from different deep-water specimens of Theonella swinhoei and Theonella cupola. Their structures were determined using extensive 2D NMR, ESI, or CDESI and QTOF-MS/MS experiments and absolute configurations established(More)
OBJECTIVES Rates of medication adherence over a one-year period were assessed among outpatients with schizophrenia who initiated therapy with conventional or atypical antipsychotic agents. METHODS Data were drawn from paid medical and pharmacy claims for a random sample of 10 percent of all California Medicaid ("Medi-Cal") recipients. Outpatients with(More)
Eight new antimicrobial natural products named chrysophaentins A-H belonging to a new structural class have been isolated from the marine chrysophyte alga Chrysophaeum taylori. Their structures were determined by extensive 2D NMR and MS techniques and are characterized by the presence of two polyhalogenated, polyoxygenated omega,omega'-diarylbutene units(More)
The platinum drugs cisplatin, carboplatin, and oxaliplatin are highly utilized in the clinic and as a consequence have been extensively studied in the laboratory setting, sometimes by generating fluorophore-tagged analogs. Here, we synthesized two Pt(II) complexes containing ethane-1,2-diamine ligands linked to a BODIPY fluorophore, and compared their(More)
Multivalent dendrimeric conjugates of GPCR ligands may have increased potency or selectivity in comparison to monomeric ligands, a phenomenon that was tested in a model of cytoprotection in mouse HL-1 cardiomyocytes. Quantitative RT-PCR indicated high expression levels of endogenous A(1) and A(2A) adenosine receptors (ARs), but not of A(2B) and A(3)ARs.(More)
The interaction of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) with heterotrimeric G proteins represents one of the most fundamental biological processes. However, the molecular architecture of the GPCR-G protein complex remains poorly defined. In the present study, we applied a comprehensive GPCR-G protein alpha subunit (Galpha) chemical cross-linking strategy to(More)
The conserved internal trimeric coiled-coil of the N-heptad repeat (N-HR) of HIV-1 gp41 is transiently exposed during the fusion process by forming a pre-hairpin intermediate, thus representing an attractive target for the design of fusion inhibitors and neutralizing antibodies. In previous studies we reported a series of broadly neutralizing(More)
Carbapenems such as meropenem are being investigated for their potential therapeutic utility against highly drug-resistant tuberculosis. These β-lactams target the transpeptidases that introduce interpeptide cross-links into bacterial peptidoglycan thereby controlling rigidity of the bacterial envelope. Treatment of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) with the(More)