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Zinc-alpha2-glycoprotein (ZAG), a 43-kDa protein, is overexpressed in certain human malignant tumors and acts as a lipid-mobilizing factor to stimulate lipolysis in adipocytes leading to cachexia in mice implanted with ZAG-producing tumors. Because white adipose tissue (WAT) is an endocrine organ secreting a wide range of protein factors, including those(More)
Human papillomaviruses (HPV-s) have been shown to possess transforming and immortalizing activity for many different, mainly keratinocyte cell lines and they have been detected in 90% of anogenital cancer tissues, which suggests a causative role in the induction of anogenital and other tumours. We have exploited a quantitative assay to identify and(More)
Sera from 182 newly diagnosed breast cancer patients were assayed for antibodies to p53 using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method, and antibodies were detected in 48 (26%) compared with 1 out of 76 (1.3%) normal control volunteers (P = 0.0001). In breast cancer patients, autoantibodies were found in all stages of disease progression:(More)
The ability of the human DNA topoisomerase II alpha and II beta isozymes to complement functional defects conferred by conditional top2 mutations in Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been investigated. At the restrictive temperature, top2 strains show multiple abnormalities, including an inability to complete mitotic and meiotic division owing to a defect in(More)
The expression profile of a series of adipokine genes linked to inflammation has been examined by quantitative PCR during the differentiation of human preadipocytes to adipocytes in primary culture, together with the integrated effects of TNF-alpha on the expression of these adipokines in the differentiated adipocytes. Expression of the genes encoding(More)
Malignant transformation of primary cells requires at least two distinct and characteristic alterations in cellular behaviour. The first, cellular immortality, can be induced by chemical carcinogens or by cloned oncogenes such as polyoma large T (ref. 4), adenovirus early region 1A (E1A) or the oncogene from avian (MC29) myelocytomatosis virus, v-myc. Cells(More)
P53 is a cellular phosphoprotein of short half-life (t1/2) which is present at elevated levels in cells transformed by various stimuli including viruses, chemicals and radiation. p53 forms specific stable complexes with simian virus 40 (SV40) large-T antigen and an adenovirus E1b protein of relative molecular mass (Mr) 57,000. A number of reports have(More)
Zinc-alpha2-glycoprotein (ZAG), a lipid mobilizing factor, is expressed in mouse adipose tissue and is markedly upregulated in mice with cancer cachexia. We have explored whether ZAG is expressed and secreted by human adipocytes, using SGBS cells, and examined the regulation of ZAG expression. ZAG mRNA was detected by RT-PCR in mature human adipocytes and(More)
Inactivation of the p53 gene, which codes for a tumour suppressor protein, is known to occur in the majority of human malignancies. An ELISA technique has been developed which has detected auto-antibodies to p53 in the serum of 25.6% of 176 women with breast cancer, considerably higher than previously reported with an immunoblotting technique. The incidence(More)
Several mutant, but not wild-type, p53 proteins form complexes with hsp72/73 heat shock-related proteins in simian virus 40-transformed monkey COS cells. We carried out a detailed biochemical and structural mapping analysis of p53 and report here that p53-hsp72/73 complex formation showed considerable structural specificity. Such complexes were remarkably(More)