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The endothelium plays a pivotal role in modulating the reactivity of vascular smooth muscle through the formation of several vasoactive substances. We examined the effects of endothelium-dependent and independent vasodilators on forearm blood flow in 29 patients with Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus and in 21 control subjects, using venous(More)
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BACKGROUND Despite treatment advances, major depressive disorder (MDD) is still a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Current therapies frequently fall short of providing full remission. In addition, physical symptoms are commonly seen in MDD patients, increasing overall morbidity and health care utilization. Duloxetine hydrochloride, a dual(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to establish the feasibility of long-term gentamicin dosing to achieve stop codon readthrough and produce full-length dystrophin. Mutation suppression of stop codons, successfully achieved in the mdx mouse using gentamicin, represents an important evolving treatment strategy in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). (More)
Decreased release of nitric oxide from damaged endothelium is responsible for the impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilator responses found in animal models of vascular disease. Dietary supplementation with fish oils has been shown to augment endothelium-dependent relaxations, principally by improving the release of nitric oxide from injured endothelium.(More)
PURPOSE The surgical literature is replete with studies describing methods of treatment for pediatric empyema. The purpose of this report was to perform an evidence-based review of the literature to determine the most effective and appropriate treatment for empyema in infants and children. METHODS The MEDLINE database was searched for English- and(More)
Steroids are commonly used in pediatric renal transplantation, but have numerous adverse effects. This retrospective study compares one-yr outcomes in 22 pediatric renal transplant recipients receiving SRL and CSA as primary immunosuppression (steroid-avoidance group) to age- and gender-matched historical controls receiving CSA, MMF, and prednisone (steroid(More)
The identification of the novel candidal species, C. dubliniensis, from oral swab studies of HIV-seropositive and -seronegative individuals has led to speculation that such a species may also reside in the oral cavity of other patient groups. In this study involvement of the newly described species, C. dubliniensis, was investigated in oral carriage and(More)
Osteopontin is a multifunctional matricellular protein abundantly expressed during inflammation and repair. Osteopontin deficiency is associated with abnormal wound repair characterized by aberrant collagen fibrillogenesis in the heart and skin. Recent gene microarray studies found that osteopontin is abundantly expressed in both human and mouse lung(More)
Lipid peroxidation may be important in the development of cardiovascular disease, a common cause of mortality and morbidity in non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). We assessed the degree of lipid peroxidation by measuring plasma malondialdehyde, as thiobarbituric acid reacting substances (TBARS), in 23 non-insulin diabetic patients. Plasma(More)