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  • Thomas Porstmann, Claudio R. Santos, Beatrice Griffiths, Megan Cully, Mary Wu, Sally Leevers +3 others
  • 2008
Cell growth (accumulation of mass) needs to be coordinated with metabolic processes that are required for the synthesis of macromolecules. The PI3-kinase/Akt signaling pathway induces cell growth via activation of complex 1 of the target of rapamycin (TORC1). Here we show that Akt-dependent lipogenesis requires mTORC1 activity. Furthermore, nuclear(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to decipher metabolic processes servicing the increased energy demand during persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) and to ascertain whether metabolic derangements might instigate this arrhythmia. BACKGROUND Whereas electrical, structural, and contractile remodeling processes are well-recognized contributors to the self-perpetuating(More)
  • Monika Golinska, Helen Troy, Yuen-Li Chung, Paul M McSheehy, Manuel Mayr, Xiaoke Yin +10 others
  • 2011
BACKGROUND HIF-1 deficiency has marked effects on tumour glycolysis and growth. We therefore investigated the consequences of HIF-1 deficiency in mice, using the well established Hepa-1 wild-type (WT) and HIF-1β-deficient (c4) model. These mechanisms could be clinically relevant, since HIF-1 is now a therapeutic target. METHODS Hepa-1 WT and c4 tumours(More)
Phosphorylation governs the activity of many proteins. Insight into molecular mechanisms in biology would be immensely improved by robust, sensitive methods for identifying precisely sites of phosphate addition. An approach to selective mapping of protein phosphorylation sites on a specific target protein of interest using LC-MS is described here. In this(More)
Fully automated methods for analyzing MR spectra would be of great benefit for clinical diagnosis, in particular for the extraction of relevant information from large databases for subsequent pattern recognition analysis. Independent component analysis (ICA) provides a means of decomposing signals into their constituent components. This work investigates(More)
BACKGROUND High-resolution magic angle spinning (HRMAS) NMR spectroscopy allows detailed metabolic analysis of whole biopsy samples for investigating tumour biology and tumour classification. Accurate biochemical assignment of small molecule metabolites that are "NMR visible" will improve our interpretation of HRMAS data and the translation of NMR tumour(More)
  • Swethajit Biswas, Helen Troy, Russell Leek, Yuen-Li Chung, Ji-liang Li, Raju R. Raval +6 others
  • 2010
In cultured clear-cell renal carcinoma (CCRCC) 786-0 cells transfected with HIF1α (HIF-1+), HIF-2α (HIF-2+), or empty vector (EV), no significant differences were observed in the growth rates in vitro, but when grown in vivo as xenografts HIF-2α significantly increased, and HIF-1α significantly decreased growth rates, compared to EV tumors. Factors(More)
Cytokinesis is a highly ordered cellular process driven by interactions between central spindle microtubules and the actomyosin contractile ring linked to the dynamic remodelling of the plasma membrane. The mechanisms responsible for reorganizing the plasma membrane at the cell equator and its coupling to the contractile ring in cytokinesis are poorly(More)
The oxygenation status of tumors derived from wild-type C6 glioma cells and clone D27 cells overexpressing dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH) was assessed in vivo using a variety of direct and indirect assays of hypoxia. Clone D27 tumors exhibit a more aggressive and better-vascularized phenotype compared to wild-type C6 gliomas.(More)
Signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs) are latent cytoplasmic transcription factors linking extracellular signals to target gene transcription. Hematopoietic cells express two highly conserved STAT5-isoforms (STAT5A/STAT5B), and STAT5 is directly activated by JAK2 downstream of several cytokine receptors and the oncogenic BCR-ABL(More)