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Six patients with reflex sympathetic dystrophy were investigated during the period between 1973 and 1978. Children do not develop the severe, disabling pain nor the patchy osteoporosis (Sudeck's atrophy) which are considered essential features of reflex sympathetic dystrophy in adults. In contrast to the adult variety, reflex sympathetic dystrophy in(More)
A modified Bristow-Helfet-May procedure was performed for recurrent dislocation or subluxation of the glenohumeral joint in 207 patients (212 shoulders), whose average age at the time of surgery was 20.3 years (range, fourteen to forty-seven years). The procedure was modified by directing the coracoid segment and conjoined tendon over the superior border(More)
Twelve consecutive patients (average age 10.6 years) with 14 dislocated hips underwent one-stage hip reconstruction between 1973 and 1981. The procedure consisted of (1) adductor myotomy and anterior obturator neurectomy, (2) circumferential capsulotomy, iliopsoas and external rotator tenotomies, and ligamentum teres and pulvinar excision, (3) shortening(More)
The primary reason for total hip and total knee replacement in patients with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is marked functional impairment. Secondary reasons are severe disabling pain and deformity. By the time a patient is ready for arthroplasty, alternatives to surgery have already been considered; synovectomies, soft-tissue releases, and osteotomies have(More)
To simulate the effects of partial weight bearing on meniscal repair, full-thickness tears were produced in the posteromedial aspect of seven ACL-intact cadaveric knees. Following suture repair, metal markers were imbedded to index the position of the tear. A radiolucent chamber was used to position and load each knee for computed tomography scanning at(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions performed in adolescents with open physes and a skeletal age of at least 14 years. At one center, from 1992 to 1996, 19 adolescents (ages, 11 to 15 years) with open physes and a skeletal age of at least 14 years underwent arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament(More)
BACKGROUND Titanium elastic nails are commonly used to stabilize femoral fractures in school-aged children, but there have been few studies assessing the risks and benefits of this procedure compared with those of traditional traction and application of a spica cast. This prospective cohort study was designed to evaluate these two methods of treatment, with(More)
Ten cases of isolated, complete paralysis of the serratus anterior muscle were diagnosed in young athletes during a three-year period. One patient had recurrent partial paralysis of the serratus anterior muscle, the first such case reported. From studies on cadavera and clinical observations, we concluded that paralysis of the serratus anterior muscle(More)
From 1975 through 1979, 25 patients with osteosarcoma received therapy with vincristine, high-dose methotrexate, citrovorum factor, and Adriamycin. Five patients had metastases prior to receiving chemotherapy, and 11 of the remaining 20 nonmetastatic patients received preoperative or preirradiation chemotherapy. Chemotherapy caused objective tumor(More)