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Hsp104 is a stress tolerance factor that promotes the reactivation of heat-damaged proteins in yeast by an unknown mechanism. Herein, we demonstrate that Hsp104 functions in this process directly. Unlike other chaperones, Hsp104 does not prevent the aggregation of denatured proteins. However, in concert with Hsp40 and Hsp70, Hsp104 can reactivate proteins(More)
The [PSI+] factor of S. cerevisiae represents a new form of inheritance: cytosolic transmission of an altered phenotype is apparently based upon inheritance of an altered protein structure rather than an altered nucleic acid. The molecular basis of its propagation is unknown. We report that purified Sup35 and subdomains that induce [PSI+] elements in vivo(More)
A cytoplasmically inherited genetic element in yeast, [PSI+], was confirmed to be a prionlike aggregate of the cellular protein Sup35 by differential centrifugation analysis and microscopic localization of a Sup35-green fluorescent protein fusion. Aggregation depended on the intracellular concentration and functional state of the chaperone protein Hsp104 in(More)
The HSP100/Clp proteins are a newly discovered family with a great diversity of functions, such as increased tolerance to high temperatures, promotion of proteolysis of specific cellular substrates and regulation of transcription. HSP100/Clp proteins are also synthesized in a variety of specific patterns and, in eukaryotes, are localized to different(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae Hsp104, a hexameric member of the Hsp100/Clp subfamily of AAA+ ATPases with two nucleotide binding domains (NBD1 and 2), refolds aggregated proteins in conjunction with Hsp70 molecular chaperones. Hsp104 may act as a "molecular crowbar" to pry aggregates apart and/or may extract proteins from aggregates by unfolding and threading(More)
The active conformation of native peroxisomal 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolases (EC 2.3.1.16) is homodimeric. We have previously shown that a truncated Saccharomyces cerevisiae thiolase lacking its first 16 N-terminal amino acids fails to be translocated into peroxisomes but assembles into an enzymatically active form in the cytoplasm of a strain with a disrupted(More)
AAA proteins remodel other proteins to affect a multitude of biological processes. Their power to remodel substrates must lie in their capacity to couple substrate binding to conformational changes via cycles of nucleotide binding and hydrolysis, but these relationships have not yet been deciphered for any member. We report that when one AAA protein,(More)
Loss-of-function mutations in the parkin gene, which encodes an E3 ubiquitin ligase, are the major cause of early-onset Parkinson's disease (PD). Decreases in parkin activity may also contribute to neurodegeneration in sporadic forms of PD. Here, we show that bcl-2-associated athanogene 5 (BAG5), a BAG family member, directly interacts with parkin and the(More)
This paper describes the design and test results of a three-stage automated system for neonatal EEG seizure detection. Stage I of the system is the initial detection stage and identifies overlapping 5-second segments of suspected seizure activity in each EEG channel. In stage II, the detected segments from stage I are spatiotemporally clustered to produce(More)
PAY genes are required for peroxisome assembly in the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica. Here we characterize one mutant, pay4, and describe the cloning and sequencing of the PAY4 gene. The pay4 mutant shows no identifiable peroxisomes by biochemical and morphological criteria. The complementing PAY4 gene encodes a polypeptide, Pay4p, 1025 amino acids in length and(More)