Learn More
The release of insulin during incubation of mouse islets of Langerhans, isolated after digestion of the pancreas with collagenase, has been studied, and the influence of various factors on the rate of release investigated. Glucose at 3.0 mg/ml (high glucose) stimulated insulin release, but had no effect at 0.6 mg/ml (low glucose). Mannoheptulose blocked the(More)
Liddle's syndrome (pseudoaldosteronism) is an autosomal dominant form of human hypertension characterized by a constellation of findings suggesting constitutive activation of the amiloride-sensitive distal renal epithelial sodium channel. We demonstrate complete linkage of the gene encoding the beta subunit of the epithelial sodium channel to Liddle's(More)
The urinary excretion of kallikrein, a renal enzyme that cleaves the potent vasodilator kinin, kallidin, from kininogen, was measured in normal volunteers by three different assays, one of which was a bioassay. When sodium intake was changed from ad libitum or 109 mEq/day to 9 mEq/day, daily kallikrein excretion increased progressively in every subject to a(More)
We studied the urinary excretion of immunoreactive prostaglandin E-like material (iPGE) and renal function in seven women with systemic lupus erythematosus to evaluate the relation between urinary iPGE and the increase in serum creatinine in patients taking aspirin. The mean pretreatment excretion of urinary iPGE in patients with lupus erythematosus, 42.7(More)
Patients with glucocorticoid-remediable aldosteronism (GRA) from 12 kindreds possess chimaeric gene duplications arising from unequal crossing-over, fusing regulatory sequences of steroid 11 beta-hydroxylase to coding sequences of aldosterone synthase. These chimaeric genes are specific for GRA and explain the biochemistry, physiology and genetics of this(More)
The effects of dietary sodium and of saline infusion on urinary dopamine and norepinephrine and on the relationship of these catecholamines to adrenergic activity were determined. In seven normal subjects on a 9-meq sodium intake, urinary dopamine and norepinephrine were 136+/-18 (SE) and 37.4+/-5.3 mug/day, respectively. When sodium intake was increased to(More)
Urinary prostaglandins E2 and F2alpha were measured by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry in three adult women and an adolescent girl with Bartter's syndrome. On a constant metabolic diet prostaglandin E2 ranged from 293 to 1,221 ng/day (mean, 640 ng/day) and exceeded the normal range for adults of 76 to 281 ng/day in all patients. Prostaglandins F2alpha(More)
Maximal free-water clearance was measured in five patients with Bartter's syndrome and in five patients with the hypokalemic alkalosis of persistent psychogenic vomiting. Hypokalemic alkalosis, hyperreninemia, hyperaldosteronism and excessive renal production of prostaglandin E2 were present in the patients with both disorders. Maximal free water clearance(More)