John R. Furr

Learn More
Computational approaches that 'dock' small molecules into the structures of macromolecular targets and 'score' their potential complementarity to binding sites are widely used in hit identification and lead optimization. Indeed, there are now a number of drugs whose development was heavily influenced by or based on structure-based design and screening(More)
Microbiologically it was demonstrated that amino acids, e.g. cysteine (CySH), and other compounds, e.g. sodium thioglycollate, containing thiol groups neutralized the activity of silver nitrate against Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1. Amino acids with disulphide bonds were inactive, with the exception of L-cystine dimethyl ester, as were all amino acids with no(More)
A synchronous encystment method was used to study the order of development of resistance of Acanthamoeba castellanii to a range of biocides. The emerging resistance during encystation to short-term exposure to the minimum amoebicidal concentrations of each biocide tested was recorded during the first 36 h of the differentiation process. Hydrochloric acid(More)
Strains of Pseudomonas stutzeri developed stable resistance to chlorhexidine diacetate (CHA) or cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) when exposed to gradually increasing concentrations of either antibacterial agent. Such strains showed reduced sensitivity to other non-antibiotics, including triclosan, and to some antibiotics, although this varied from strain to(More)
Since the early 1960s, axenic culture and the development of procedures for the induction of encystation have made Acanthamoeba spp. superb experimental systems for studies of cell biology and differentiation. More recently, since their roles as human pathogens causing keratitis and encephalitis have become widely recognized, it has become urgent to(More)
Agents which had previously been shown to act as permeabilizers against Pseudomonas aeruginosa or other Gram-negative bacteria were tested to determine whether susceptibility to various antibiotics could be increased. In the absence of a permeabilizer, Ps. aeruginosa was resistant to several hydrophobic antibiotics and vancomycin, but not to gentamicin.(More)
Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive analysis of X-ray (EDAX) have been used to examine chlorhexidine diacetate (CHA)-sensitive and -resistant isolates of Pseudomonas stutzeri and to determine the effects of CHA on the cells. Significant differences were observed in the structure, size and(More)
A novel compound classification algorithm is described that operates in binary molecular descriptor spaces and groups active compounds together in a computationally highly efficient manner. The method involves the transformation of continuous descriptor value ranges into a binary format, subsequent definition of simplified descriptor spaces, identification(More)
The sensitivity of six strains of Pseudomonas stutzeri (NCIMB 568, 10783, 11358, 11359, JM 302, JM 375) to cationic antiseptics, mercury compounds, the parabens, phenolics, EDTA and various antibiotics was compared with Pseudomonas aeruginosa NCIMB 8626. All Ps. stutzeri strains were highly sensitive to chlorhexidine diacetate, organomercurials and(More)