John R . Foster

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PURPOSE In the current study, we examined the in vivo effects of AZD1152, a novel and specific inhibitor of Aurora kinase activity (with selectivity for Aurora B). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The pharmacodynamic effects and efficacy of AZD1152 were determined in a panel of human tumor xenograft models. AZD1152 was dosed via several parenteral (s.c. osmotic(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates recovered from chronically colonized patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) are phenotypically different from those collected from other patients or from the environment. To assess whether alterations in motility, mucoidy, and serum susceptibility represented an adaptation to chronic infection or replacement by a new strain,(More)
Exposure of CD-1 mice to atmospheres of 40 and 160 ppm styrene, daily for up to 10 days, caused pulmonary toxicity characterised by focal loss of cytoplasm and focal crowding of non-ciliated Clara cells, particularly in the terminal bronchiolar region. The toxicity was accompanied by an increase in cell replication rates in terminal and large bronchioles of(More)
Bisphenol A (BPA) has been evaluated in eight independent immature mouse uterotrophic assays using the subcutaneous route of administration, and in a single study employing oral gavage. The dose range covered was from 0.02 microg to 300 mg/kg BPA and some experiments were supplemented by assessments of uterine hypertrophy and hyperplasia. Pooling of the(More)
Inhaled styrene is known to be toxic to the nasal olfactory epithelium of both mice and rats, although mice are markedly more sensitive. In this study, the nasal tissues of mice exposed to 40 and 160 ppm styrene 6 h/day for 3 days had a number of degenerative changes including atrophy of the olfactory mucosa and loss of normal cellular organisation.(More)
Trichloroethylene is metabolised to a very minor extent (< 0.01% of the dose) by conjugation with glutathione, a metabolic pathway which leads to the formation of S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)-L-cysteine (DCVC), a bacterial mutagen and nephrotoxin activated by the renal enzyme beta-lyase. The role of this metabolic pathway in the development of the nephrotoxicity(More)
It is a concern for auditory fMRI studies that acoustic noise generated by the scanner produces an auditory response that can confound stimulus-induced activation. To establish how to minimize this problem, the present study mapped the time-course of the auditory response to a burst of acoustic scanner noise by employing a single-event method. Recorded(More)
Lifetime exposure to perchloroethylene by inhalation has been shown to cause a low incidence of renal tumors in male rats. The mechanisms responsible for the induction of these tumors have been investigated following exposure of rats to perchloroethylene by oral gavage (1500 mg/kg for up to 42 days) or by inhalation (400 ppm for 28 days). Comparisons have(More)
Fischer 344 rats and B6C3F1 mice of both sexes were exposed to 400 ppm perchloroethylene (PER) by inhalation, 6 hr/day for 14, 21, or 28 days or to 200 ppm for 28 days. Increased numbers of peroxisomes were seen under the electron microscope and increased peroxisomal cyanide-insensitive palmitoyl CoA oxidation was measured (3.6-fold increase in males and(More)
Raloxifene is generally regarded as a tissue-selective estrogen agonist, being capable of selectively counter-acting both the loss of bone density and the increase in serum cholesterol that occur in rats following ovariectomy, without the induction of a trophic effect on the rat uterus. An implication of this activity profile is that reliance cannot be(More)