John R. Caradus

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Results are given which show that the root hair length of a white clover population can be increased and decreased by selection. An increase of 50 μm in root hair length over the mean of an unselected population of the cultivar Tamar was achieved resulting in an 11% calculated increase in the volume of soil explored by root hairs. The realised heritability(More)
Biopesticides based on living microbes and their bioactive compounds have been researched and promoted as replacements for synthetic pesticides for many years. However, lack of efficacy, inconsistent field performance and high cost have generally relegated them to niche products. Recently, technological advances and major changes in the external environment(More)
A total of 490 white clover genotypes were grown in competition withAgrostis tenuis and repeatedly defoliated, in a glasshouse trial. The percentage change in shoot yield from the first to the last harvest (harvest 6) was negatively correlated with the soil-P level from which ecotypes were collected. High- and low-yielding genotypes were selected from this(More)
White clover genotypes were selected for high and low values of leaf size, taproot diamater, number of taproots, proportion of total root and taproot dry weight. Crosses within selected groups of genotypes resulted in 14 seed lines, which were compared with parent genotypes in field tiles. Selections for taproot diameter and proportion taproot were more(More)
Aluminium (Al) tolerance of fourteen white clover (Trifolium repens L.) cultivars from eleven countries was compared in the greenhouse in the Wainui silt loam (Typic Dystrochrept) to which Al had been added at nine levels (0, 2.5, 5, 20, 50, 150, 250, 500 and 750 mg kg−1 of soil) as Al2 (SO4)3 and incubated for 30 days. None of the white clover cultivars,(More)
Ninety eight white clover genotypes were cloned and grown in pots at two levels of phosphorus (P) supply in soil. After harvest the nitrogen (N) and P content of shoot (leaf, petiole and unrooted stolon), stolon and root tissue was determined. Broad sense heritabilities for %N, %P, and proportion of total N or P in each tissue type were calculated.(More)
In this study, two genotypes from the white clover breeding line ‘Syrian selection’, which demonstrates improved survival in summer drought, and two from the white clover cultivar ‘Grasslands Kopu’, a more drought-sensitive cultivar, are compared in terms of their responses to a water deficit. Plants of each genotype were grown in a temperature-controlled(More)
Epichloae endophytes of family Clavicipitaceae (comprising genera Epichloë and Neotyphodium) are fungal symbionts of Pooideae grasses. The associations formed, range from mutually beneficial to antagonistic and the nature of this relationship is dependent upon the importance of vertical (via host seeds) versus horizontal (ascospore mediated) transmission of(More)
White clover populations collected from the Caucasus region and eastern Turkey were compared with seven white clover cultivars in a moist, lowland, highly fertile environment. The Caucasus collection came from 15 sites below 1000 m and 19 sites above 1000 m; all seven sites in Turkey were above 1000 m. The populations were generally small leaved and except(More)