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MDMA (methylenedioxymethamphetamine) is a recreational drug of abuse known as "Ecstasy" which markedly decreases regional brain serotonin (5-HT) content and produces 5-HT nerve terminal degeneration in forebrain areas of the rat. In order to determine the acute and chronic behavioral effects of MDMA, adult rats were given MDMA at 0, 5 or 10 mg/kg, po for 4(More)
The molecular mechanisms used by group A Streptococcus (GAS) to survive on the host mucosal surface and cause acute pharyngitis are poorly understood. To provide new information about GAS host-pathogen interactions, we used real-time reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) to analyze transcripts of 17 GAS genes in throat swab specimens taken from 18 pediatric(More)
MDMA is an amphetamine analog prescribed by some health professionals in the field of psychotherapy and used as a recreational drug by the general public. In recent reports, investigators have suggested that MDMA produces acute neurotoxicity when administered by subcutaneous injection. In order to determine if MDMA produces lasting neurochemical alterations(More)
MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine) has been reported to produce serotonergic depletion in nonhuman primates at doses as low as 2.5 mg/kg (1-2 times the typical human dose). The current study evaluated the dose-response relationships of MDMA (1.25-20.0 mg/kg) using regional concentrations of serotonin (5-HT) and its metabolite, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic(More)
Sixty-two male rhesus monkeys were trained to respond in an operant test battery that included tasks thought to allow measurement of aspects of motivation and color and position discrimination. Subjects were assigned to eight treatment groups (n = 7-8) based upon behavioral performance. There were two behavioral groups: ACTIVE = behavior assessed throughout(More)
The recent proliferation of electronic video games has caused an outcry from those who question the merits of the games, while others maintain the games improve eye-hand coordination. At present, no empirical data are available to indicate whether there are differences in eye-hand coordination between video game users and non-users. Comparing 31 video game(More)
Acute effects of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) were assessed using a battery of food-reinforced complex operant tasks that included responding under delayed matching to sample (DMTS, n = 6), conditioned position response (CPR, n = 8) progressive ratio (PR, n = 8), temporal response differentiation (TRD, n = 3) and incremental repeated acquisition (IRA,(More)
The acute behavioral effects of marijuana smoke were assessed in rhesus monkeys using a battery of food-reinforced complex operant tasks that included incremental repeated acquisition (IRA, n = 9), conditioned position responding (CPR, n = 8), progressive ratio (PR, n = 8), delayed matching to sample (DMTS, n = 6), and temporal response differentiation(More)
Heart rate variability is used to assess cardiac autonomic tone. We bought to determine the relationship of graded direct stimulation of efferent cardiac autonomic nerves on heart rate variability in an anesthetized canine model. Time and frequency domain variables were measured at denervated baseline and during electrical stimulation of the vagi and ansae(More)