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Entamoeba histolytica is an intestinal parasite and the causative agent of amoebiasis, which is a significant source of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Here we present the genome of E. histolytica, which reveals a variety of metabolic adaptations shared with two other amitochondrial protist pathogens: Giardia lamblia and Trichomonas(More)
The intestinal parasite Entamoeba histolytica is one of the first protists for which a draft genome sequence has been published. Although the genome is still incomplete, it is unlikely that many genes are missing from the list of those already identified. In this chapter we summarise the features of the genome as they are currently understood and provide(More)
  • J P Ackers
  • 1997
The gut Coccidia are members of a large, varied, and exclusively intracellular group of protozoan parasites, four species of which (Isospora, Cryptosporidium, Cyclospora, and Sarcocystis) are human pathogens. The first three, but particularly Cryptosporidium parvum, have moved from medical curiosities to major problems with the coming of the acquired(More)
Clinical resistance of Trichomonas vaginalis to metronidazole is best correlated with MIC values measured under aerobic conditions. Under these conditions both disulfiram (bis(diethylthiocarbamoyl)disulphide), and its first mammalian metabolite, ditiocarb (diethyldithiocarbamate), showed high levels of activity against metronidazole-sensitive (disulfiram(More)
RAB proteins are small GTPases with vital roles in eukaryotic intracellular transport; orthologous RABs appear to fulfil similar functions in diverse organisms. Trypanosoma brucei spp., the causative organisms of Old World trypanosomiasis of humans and domestic animals, have extremely effective endocytic and exocytic mechanisms that are likely to be(More)
Entamoeba histolytica is a protozoan parasite of humans that causes 40,000-100,000 deaths annually. Clinical amoebiasis results from the spread of the normally luminal parasite into the colon wall and beyond; the key development in understanding this complex multistage process has been the publication of the E. histolytica genome, from which has come an(More)
Entamoeba histolytica can act as a harmless commensal organism in the lumen of the large intestine, or can cause invasive amoebiasis. Some workers have suggested that there are two distinct subspecies of this organism, and that only one of these is associated with invasive disease. Present isoenzyme tests to identify the subspecies take several days to(More)
To correlate a particular state of immunity with Entamoeba spp., we used colorimetric PCR to differentiate E. histolytica from E. dispar in individuals with amoebiasis and to associate its presence with the clinical profile, including humoral and cellular immune responses to E. histolytica. Our results showed high levels of antibody in acute amoebiasis and(More)
We have identified an unusual 0.55-kb DNA repeat element specific to Entamoeba histolytica (Eh) which we call interspersed element (IE). The IE is a common feature in independently isolated genomic and cDNA fragments. Hybridization of labeled IE sequences to trophozoite DNA, RNA and first-strand cDNA prepared from poly(A)-enriched mRNA indicate that the IE(More)
Detergent lysates of Entamoeba histolytica trophozoites contained high levels of beta-N acetyl-D-glucosaminidase, beta-N acetyl-D-galactosaminidase and alpha-D-galactosidase activity, and lower but significant levels of five other glycosidases. Although these activities should have been capable of largely degrading the oligosaccharide side-chains of human(More)