John Pernow

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  • Adrian T. Gonon, Christian Jung, Abram Katz, Håkan Westerblad, Alexey Shemyakin, Per-Ove Sjöquist +2 others
  • 2012
Consumption of L-arginine contributes to reduced bioavailability of nitric oxide (NO) that is critical for the development of ischemia-reperfusion injury. The aim of the study was to determine myocardial arginase expression and activity in ischemic-reperfusion myocardium and whether local inhibition of arginase within the ischemic myocardium results in(More)
Myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion injury can be significantly reduced by an episode(s) of ischaemia-reperfusion applied prior to or during myocardial ischaemia (MI) to peripheral tissue located at a distance from the heart; this phenomenon is called remote ischaemic conditioning (RIc). Here, we compared the efficacy of RIc in protecting the heart when the(More)
BACKGROUND Arginase competes with nitric oxide synthase for their common substrate L-arginine. Up-regulation of arginase in coronary artery disease (CAD) and diabetes mellitus may reduce nitric oxide bioavailability contributing to endothelial dysfunction and ischemia-reperfusion injury. Arginase inhibition reduces infarct size in animal models. Therefore(More)
  • Alexey Shemyakin, Firoozeh Salehzadeh, Daniella Esteves Duque-Guimaraes, Felix Böhm, Eric Rullman, Thomas Gustafsson +2 others
  • 2011
OBJECTIVE Endothelin (ET)-1 is a vasoconstrictor and proinflammatory peptide that may interfere with glucose uptake. Our objective was to investigate whether exogenous ET-1 affects glucose uptake in the forearm of individuals with insulin resistance and in cultured human skeletal muscle cells. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Nine male subjects (aged 61 ± 3(More)
E ndothelin (ET)-1 levels are increased in patients with type 2 diabetes and may contribute to vascular complications and insulin resistance. Recently, we showed that ET A receptor blockade improves nutritive skin capillary circulation in patients with type 2 diabetes and microangiopathy (1). In this study, we investigated the effect of ET A receptor(More)
AIMS To determine the myocardial salvage index, the extent of infarction needs to be related to the myocardium at risk (MaR). Thus, the ability to assess both infarct size and MaR is of central clinical and scientific importance. The aim of the present study was to explore the relationship between T2-weighted cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemic postconditioning (PostC), reperfusion in brief cycles, is known to induce short-term reduction in infarct size in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), especially among those with large myocardium at risk (MaR). The aim of the present study was to investigate the long-term effect of PostC on infarct size and left(More)
BACKGROUND Efficacy of reperfusion therapy can be assessed as myocardial salvage index (MSI) by determining the size of myocardium at risk (MaR) and myocardial infarction (MI), (MSI = 1-MI/MaR). Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) can be used to assess MI by late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) and MaR by either T2-weighted imaging or contrast enhanced(More)
Background.  Both endothelin receptor type B ([ETBR], a G protein-coupled receptor that mediates the vascular effects of the potent vasoconstrictor endothelin-1) and human cytomegalovirus ([HCMV], a ubiquitous herpesvirus) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The effects of HCMV infection on ETBR expression are unknown.(More)