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Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is present in sensory nerve fibers in the heart and around peripheral arteries. On interaction with specific CGRP binding sites and activation of adenylate cyclase, CGRP causes vasodilation and has positive inotropic and chronotropic effects on the heart. In the present study, human CGRP I and II exerted positive(More)
AIMS Nitric oxide (NO) is vital for the integrity of the cardiovascular system and protection against ischaemic heart disease. Arginase is up-regulated during ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) and this enzyme might compete with NO synthase (NOS) for arginine. The present study investigated whether arginase blockade protects from myocardial IR injury and whether(More)
OBJECTIVES Heart failure (HF) is defined as the incapability of the heart to serve the tissues adequately with blood. This includes changes in microvascular perfusion. A mechanism aggravating perfusion disturbances in HF is endothelial dysfunction by reduced bioavailability of nitric oxide (NO). A mechanism possibly contributing to low NO bioavailability is(More)
BACKGROUND Ligands of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPAR-alpha) have been shown to reduce ischaemia/reperfusion injury. The mechanisms behind this effect are not well known. We hypothesized that activation of PPAR-alpha exerts cardioprotection via a mechanism related to nitric oxide (NO) and endothelin-1 (ET-1). METHODS Five groups of(More)
Pharmacological and physiological aspects for neuropeptide Y (NPY) and noradrenaline (NA) cotransmission have been studied in the peripheral sympathetic nervous control of blood vessels, heart, spleen and vas deferens. NPY coexists with NA in large dense cored vesicles and is released compared to NA mainly upon high frequency stimulation or strong reflex(More)
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a vasoconstrictor, proinflammatory and proliferative endothelial cell-derived peptide that is of significant importance in the regulation of vascular function. It is involved in the development of endothelial dysfunction including important interactions with nitric oxide. The expression and functional effects of ET-1 and its receptors(More)
BACKGROUND Overweight and the metabolic syndrome (MS) represent dramatically increasing problems in children and adolescents. Waist circumference (WC) is an important factor to determine MS. So far, WC is a predictor of blood pressure, high-density lipoprotein (HDL), insulin concentration, and visceral fat in adolescents. We investigated whether WC and body(More)
Vascular effects of neuropeptide Y (NPY) and noradrenaline (NA) were studied in six human volunteers. Systemic infusion of human NPY for 40 min (5 pmol X kg-1 X min-1) increased arterial plasma NPY-like immunoreactivity (NPY-LI) from 12 +/- 2 to 356 +/- 30 pM. This concentration caused no systemic cardiovascular effects. The disappearance curve for NPY-LI(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Endothelial dysfunction is important in the development of vascular complications in diabetes. Patients with type 2 diabetes have increased production of the vasoconstrictor and pro-inflammatory peptide, endothelin-1. Short-term intra-arterial administration of endothelin antagonists improves endothelium-dependent vasodilatation in patients(More)
AIM To assess left ventricular (LV) structure and function in preeclampsia, a serious vascular-related pregnancy disorder, by Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) in combination with the levels of cardiovascular biomarkers. MATERIAL AND METHODS Thirty-five pregnant women with preeclampsia and 30 with normal pregnancy, matched for age and gestational age were(More)