John P Schlatterer

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Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) exists in blood and urine as a variety of isoforms one of which contains peptide bond cleavages within its beta-subunit loop 2 and is referred to as nicked hCG (hCGn). This hCG isoform appears to be more prevalent in the urine of patients with certain malignancies and possibly in some disorders of pregnancy. Until now,(More)
BACKGROUND Detecting and monitoring early pregnancy depend on the measurement of HCG. Little is known about how production of various forms of HCG may evolve over the earliest weeks of pregnancy, particularly in naturally conceived pregnancies. METHODS We describe the daily excretion of three urinary HCG analytes during the first 6 weeks post-conception(More)
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) glycoforms change as pregnancy progresses. We have developed an antibody (B152) which can measure a hyperglycosylated early pregnancy isoform of hCG. This putative hyperglycosylated form of hCG arises very early in pregnancies and is rapidly replaced by an isoform that predominates for the remainder of the pregnancy. The(More)
A highly sensitive and specific two-site immunoradiometric assay (IRMA) for hCG has been developed and applied to the detection of the hormone in the urine of normal nonpregnant and pregnant individuals. The IRMA uses a solid phase coupled monoclonal antibody to the hCG beta-subunit for extraction of hormone from urine. The hCG extracted is then directly(More)
We report the development and characterization of an IRMA for the direct measurement of nicked human chorionic gonadotropin (hCGn) in blood and urine. hCGn derived from a reference preparation of hCG used as an immunogen elicits monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) with enhanced recognition of human luteinizing hormone epitopes. The most specific assay for(More)
Early pregnancy loss (EPL), detected by patterns of human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) in urine, is the biomarker employed in investigations of the impact of personal, workplace or environmental reproductive toxins on human fertility. An issue central to these studies is what, in terms of urinary hCG expression, constitutes an EPL. This report describes(More)
Human gonadotrophins undergo metabolic transformations which result in the presence of several smaller, structurally and immunologically related forms of gonadotrophins in the urine. For luteinizing hormone (LH), a beta core fragment (LHbeta cf) has been isolated from the pituitary and characterized. The corresponding urinary fragment is inferred from mass(More)
Employing a monoclonal antibody (B152) specific for a carbohydrate epitope found on a choriocarcinoma derived hCG, it was discovered that a similar hCG isoform is expressed during early pregnancy. This form differs from later pregnancy hCG in carbohydrate moieties. Profiling of these two hCG isoforms throughout pregnancy utilized two IRMA's: B152-B207(More)
Dichloromethylene diphosphonate (Cl2MDP), an inhibitor of oestoclast activity, was evaluated for its ability to decrease the excessive mobilization of skeletal calcium that complicates multiple myeloma. Ten patients with active myeloma, wide-spread bone disease, and hypercalciuria were studied in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover-designed trial(More)
hCG is a glycoprotein hormone composed of two dissimilar subunits (alpha and beta) and is normally synthesized by trophoblastic tissue. Its measurement by immunoassay is widely employed as a test for pregnancy, but can be complicated by cross-reactivity with human (h) LH. Immunoassays based on the beta-subunit of hCG have been employed to decrease this(More)