John P. Sabo

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The pharmacokinetics and biotransformation of the antiretroviral agent nevirapine (NVP) after autoinduction were characterized in eight healthy male volunteers. Subjects received 200-mg NVP tablets once daily for 2 weeks, followed by 200 mg twice daily for 2 weeks. Then they received a single oral dose (solution) of 50 mg containing 100 microCi of(More)
We used a free-ranging, seasonally breeding adult male songbird, the rufous-winged sparrow, Aimophila carpalis, to investigate the effects of acute stress-induced by capture followed by restraint, on the hypothalamo-pituitary-testicular axis. Intra- and interindividual comparisons revealed that males decreased their plasma testosterone (T) by 37-52% in(More)
Outcomes management provides a mechanism to foster development of patient-driven services through revision of practice and measurement of outcomes. Because nosocomial pneumonia is the most common hospital-acquired infection in intensive care units, reducing the rate of nosocomial pneumonia became on area of intense scrutiny at our institution. This article(More)
The results of two randomized, single-dose, crossover bioavailability studies are presented which describe the pharmacokinetics and oral bioavailability of nevirapine, a novel nonnucleoside antiretroviral drug. In the first study 12 healthy male volunteers received nevirapine 15 mg via short-term i.v. infusion or orally as a 50 mg tablet or reference(More)
HIV-infected patients with opioid dependence often require opioid replacement therapy. Pharmacokinetic interactions between HIV therapy and opioid dependence treatment medications can occur. HIV-seronegative subjects stabilized on at least 3 weeks of buprenorphine/naloxone (BUP/NLX) therapy sequentially underwent baseline and steady-state pharmacokinetic(More)
PURPOSE To characterize the steady-state pharmacokinetic combination of the nonpeptidic protease inhibitor tipranavir (TPV) with ritonavir (RTV) in 95 healthy adult volunteers, a phase 1, single-center, open-label, randomized, parallel-group trial was conducted. METHOD Participants received 250-mg self-emulsifying drug delivery system (SEDDS) capsules of(More)
Loperamide (LOP) is a peripherally acting opioid receptor agonist used for the management of chronic diarrhea through the reduction of gut motility. The lack of central opioid effects is partly due to the efflux activity of the multidrug resistance transporter P-glycoprotein (P-gp) at the blood-brain barrier. The protease inhibitors are substrates for P-gp(More)
Construction of a series of chimeric antibodies (murine variable region and human constant region) derived from the murine antibody BIRR1, which recognizes intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), has revealed differences in the relative binding abilities of the chimeric antibody to antigen. The chimeric antibodies show a ranking of their ability to(More)
The Challenge Hypothesis postulates that male vertebrates can respond to social challenges, such as simulated territorial intrusions, by rapidly increasing their concentrations of plasma androgens, such as testosterone (T). This increase may facilitate the expression of aggressive behavior and lead to persistence of this behavior even after withdrawal of(More)
www.frontiersinecology.org © The Ecological Society of America E and biodiversity have long been threatened by natural and anthropogenic stressors (MA 2005; Mooney et al. 2009). A stressor is an activity or phenomenon that induces an adverse effect and therefore degrades the condition and viability of a natural system (EPA 2008). The stressors that have(More)