John P Rosborough

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Increased levels of cytokines have been reported after resuscitation from cardiac arrest. We hypothesized that proinflammatory cytokines, released in response to ischemia/reperfusion, increase following resuscitation and play a role in post-cardiac arrest myocardial dysfunction. Ventricular fibrillation (VF) was induced by coronary occlusion in 20 swine.(More)
Electrical ventricular defibrillation of heavy subjects (over 100 kg body weight) is uncommon for the human or any animal species. This paper reports trans-chest ventricular defibrillation of subjects ranging in weight from 2.3 to 340 kg using conventional defibrillation current (heavily damped sine wave) of 0.3-30 ms duration. It was found that a body(More)
Conscious dogs were studied to determine the repeatability of and the agreement between conventional inulin clearance (CIn), a urineless or alternative inulin clearance (CInALT), and endogenous creatinine clearance (CCr). Although, the repeatability of the three clearance methods was satisfactory, tests of agreement within gender indicated that CInALT and(More)
Clinical administration of bone marrow-derived stem cells in the setting of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) leads to improved left ventricular ejection fraction. Thymosin beta-4 (TB4) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are linked to adult epicardial progenitor cell mobilization and neovascularization and is cardioprotective after myocardial(More)
The rabbit provides an excellent model for the study of ocular herpes because herpetic keratitis in the rabbit eye resembles human disease in its clinical features and in its propensity for spontaneous recurrence. This paper presents a method for the electrical induction of multiple episodes of in vivo reactivation of latent HSV-1 infection with peripheral(More)
The ability of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) to provide adequate vital organ blood flow during prolonged resuscitation has long been questioned, as has the mechanism of blood flow during CPR. Because coughing during cardiac arrest has been shown to produce adequate anterograde flow to maintain consciousness in man without compressing the heart, cough(More)
The technique of prehospital airway management is determined largely by the level of training and expertise of the prehospital care provider. We report preliminary observations and data in experimental animals and patients using a new airway adjunct--the pharyngeo-tracheal lumen (PTL) airway. The PTL airway employs a two-tube, two-cuff system that is(More)
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has been thought to produce blood flow by compression of the heart between the sternum and spine, termed "external cardiac massage," but there has been-no direct experimental documentation of this proposed mechanism. Micromanometric pressure recordings were synchronized with cineangiograms during mechanical CPR in 17 dogs(More)
OBJECTIVE Left ventricular dysfunction after successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation contributes to early death after resuscitation. Proinflammatory cytokines are known to decrease myocardial function, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha has been shown to increase after successful resuscitation. We hypothesized that blocking the effects of tumor necrosis(More)