John P. Rapp

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We report the construction of a dense linkage map of the rat genome integrating 767 simple sequence length polymorphism markers, combined over three crosses with high rates of polymorphism. F2 populations from WKY x S (n = 159), BN x S (n = 91), and BN x GK (n = 139) were selected and genotyped for combinations of microsatellite markers. The loci define 21(More)
Blood pressure is a quantitative trait that has a strong genetic component in humans and rats. Several selectively bred strains of rats with divergent blood pressures serve as an animal model for genetic dissection of the causes of inherited hypertension. The goal is to identify the genetic loci controlling blood pressure, i.e., the so-called quantitative(More)
A quantitative trait locus (QTL) for blood pressure was previously detected by linkage analysis in a region of rat chromosome 2 using segregating populations derived from crosses of the Dahl salt-sensitive (Dahl S) rat with rats of the Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) strain or Milan normotensive strain (MNS). Two congenic strains, S.WKY-D2N35/Nep and S.MNS-Adh/D2Mit5,(More)
Blood pressure is influenced by multiple genetic loci whose identities are largely unknown. A restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) in the renin gene was found between Dahl salt-hypertension-sensitive (S) and Dahl salt-hypertension-resistant (R) rats. In an F2 population derived from crossing S and R rats, the renin RFLP cosegregated with blood(More)
Vanadate at doses from 10(-4.5) to 10(-3) M caused a dose-dependent contraction of the rat aorta in vitro. Aortas of Dahl salt-hypertension sensitive (S) rats responded to vanadate with a greater contraction than Dahl salt-hypertension resistant (R) rats. In contrast, S and R aortic responses to depolarization with potassium were equal, and responses to(More)
We have evaluated the genes for angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) and guanylyl cyclase A/atrial natriuretic peptide receptor (GCA) for genetic effects on blood pressure response to high salt diet. In F2 rats derived from Milan normotensive and Dahl salt–hypertension sensitive (S) rats, both ACE and GCA cosegregated with blood pressure, and rats that were(More)
Alleles of the inducible nitric oxide synthase locus (Nos2) cosegregated highly significantly (P < 0.0001) with blood pressure in an F2 population [F2(S x MNS), n = 171] derived from a cross of inbred Dahl salt-sensitive (S) rats with Milan normotensive rats (MNS). In contrast, alleles at the constitutive brain nitric oxide synthase locus (Nos1) did not(More)
The Dahl salt-sensitive hypertensive (S) rat develops albuminuria early in life even on a low-salt diet. In contrast, the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) is highly resistant to developing albuminuria despite elevated BP. An F(1) hybrid of S and SHR showed a low urinary albumin excretion (UAE) and low urinary protein excretion (UPE) similar to SHR,(More)
It was previously shown using Dahl salt-sensitive (S) and salt-resistant (R) rats that a blood pressure quantitative trait locus (QTL) was present on rat chromosome 7. In the present work, this QTL was localized to a region less than 0.54 cM in size on the linkage map using a series of congenic strains. This region was contained in a single yeast artificial(More)