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Thrombin is a serine protease that plays a central role in blood coagulation. It is inhibited by hirudin, a polypeptide of 65 amino acids, through the formation of a tight, noncovalent complex. Tetragonal crystals of the complex formed between human alpha-thrombin and recombinant hirudin (variant 1) have been grown and the crystal structure of this complex(More)
Transforming growth factors beta belong to a group of cytokines that control cellular proliferation and differentiation. Five isoforms are known that share approximately 75% sequence identity, but exert different biological activities. The structure of TGF-beta 3 was solved by X-ray crystallography and refined to a final R-factor of 17.5% at 2.0 A(More)
The cysteine protease CPP32 has been expressed in a soluble form in Escherichia coli and purified to >95% purity. The three-dimensional structure of human CPP32 in complex with the irreversible tetrapeptide inhibitor acetyl-Asp-Val-Ala-Asp fluoromethyl ketone was determined by x-ray crystallography at a resolution of 2.3 A. The asymmetric unit contains a(More)
A model for the binding mode of the potent protein kinase inhibitor staurosporine is proposed. Using the information provided by the crystal structure of the cyclic-AMP-dependent protein kinase, it is suggested that staurosporine, despite a seemingly unrelated chemical structure, exploits the same key hydrogen-bond interactions as ATP, the cofactor of the(More)
The crystal structure of human recombinant interleukin-1 beta has been determined at 3.0 A resolution by the isomorphous replacement method in conjunction with solvent flattening techniques. The model prior to refinement has a crystallographic R-factor of 42.3%. The structure is composed of 12 beta-strands forming a complex network of hydrogen bonds. The(More)
Hydrophobic interactions play a key role in the folding and maintenance of the 3-dimensional structure of proteins, as well as in the binding of ligands (e.g. drugs) to protein targets. Therefore, quantitative assessment of spatial hydrophobic (lipophilic) properties of these molecules is indispensable for the development of efficient computational methods(More)
The dengue virus envelope protein plays an essential role in viral entry by mediating fusion between the viral and host membranes. The crystal structure of the envelope protein shows a pocket (located at a "hinge" between Domains I and II) that can be occupied by ligand n-octyl-beta-D-glucoside (betaOG). Compounds blocking the betaOG pocket are thought to(More)
Regulated proteolysis by the two-component NS2B/NS3 protease of dengue virus is essential for virus replication and the maturation of infectious virions. The functional similarity between the NS2B/NS3 proteases from the four genetically and antigenically distinct serotypes was addressed by characterizing the differences in their substrate specificity using(More)
The crystal structures of the complexes formed between subtilisin Novo and three inhibitors, eglin c, Arg45-eglin c and Lys53-eglin c have been determined using molecular replacement and difference Fourier techniques and refined at 2.4 A, 2.1 A, and 2.4 A resolution, respectively. The mutants Arg45-eglin c and Lys53-eglin c were constructed by site-directed(More)