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Three studies were conducted to test the application of a three-component model of workplace commitment (J. P. Meyer & N. J. Allen, 1991: J. P. Meyer & L. Herscovitch, 2001) in the context of employee commitment to organizational change. Study 1, conducted with 224 university students, provided preliminary evidence for the validity of newly developed(More)
Two laboratory experiments with 117 undergraduate students were conducted to examine (a) the effect of assigned goal difficulty on arousal (self-report and heart rate), cognition (perceived norm, self-efficacy strength, and personal goal), and behavioral (task performance) measures and (b) the role of heart rate as a mediator of the(More)
What are the constructs that underlie affective experiences? Some authors have suggested Valence and Activation, whereas others have suggested Positive Activation and Negative Activation-both approaches are represented by different axis orientations in traditional two-mode (People x Adjectives) factor analysis. The authors provide new evidence for this(More)
a r t i c l e i n f o a b s t r a c t Theories of workplace commitment have become increasingly complex with propositions regarding its multiple-component structure (e.g., affective, normative, continuance) and multiple foci (e.g., organization, supervisor, team). To date, most research has taken a variable-centered approach (e.g., regression, SEM) to(More)
The classic, well-cited study by Marshall et al. (1992) demonstrated that optimism correlates stronger with extraversion than does pessimism and pessimism correlates stronger with neuroticism than does optimism, and these results lent support to their claim that optimism and pessimism are two separate constructs. However, we argued that their results are(More)
This investigation of need compatibility in married couples introduced several theoretical and methodological innovations in an effort to overcome the problems inherent in previous studies. It was predicted that spouses would express greater adjustment on the Locke-Wallace Marital-Adjustment Scale to the extent that they were similar on 9 needs and(More)
We tested BeckerÕs (1960) side-bet conceptualization of commitment within the context of Meyer and AllenÕs (1991) three-component model of organizational commitment. Employees ðN ¼ 202Þ from various organizations completed a survey including measures of (a) seven categories of side bets (b) affective, normative, and continuance commitment, and (c) turnover(More)