John P. Matts

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This article describes some of the important statistical properties of the commonly used permuted-block design, also known simply as blocked-randomization. Under a permutation model for statistical tests, proper analyses should employ tests that incorporate the blocking used in the randomization. These include the block-stratified Mantel-Haenszel chi-square(More)
This study assesses changes in quality of life (QoL) over time among HIV-infected individuals receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) and evaluates how this relates to ARTadherence. Prospective, longitudinal data were examined from 1050 participants in two large, randomized, multi-centre antiretroviral clinical trials. QoL was assessed by the SF-12;(More)
We prospectively studied long-term antiretroviral adherence patterns and their impact on biologic outcomes for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected participants in 2 randomized, multicenter clinical trials. For the period from baseline to month 12 of the study, participants who reported adherence levels of 100%, 80%-99%, and 0%-79% had plasma HIV RNA(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS The Program on the Surgical Control of the Hyperlipidemias (POSCH), a randomized clinical trial, was designed to test whether cholesterol lowering induced by the partial ileal bypass operation would favorably affect overall mortality or mortality due to coronary heart disease. The study population consisted of 838 patients (417 in the(More)
David C. Perlman, Wafaa M. El-Sadr, Eileen T. Nelson, From the Division of Infectious Diseases, Beth Israel Medical Center, and the Division of Infectious Diseases, Harlem Hospital Center, New John P. Matts, Edward E. Telzak, Nadim Salomon, York, New York; CPCRA Statistical Center, Coordinating Centers for Keith Chirgwin, and Richard Hafner, for the Terry(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and latent tuberculosis are at substantial risk for the development of active tuberculosis. As a public health measure, prophylactic treatment with isoniazid has been suggested for HIV-infected persons who have anergy and are in groups with a high prevalence of tuberculosis. METHODS We(More)
CONTEXT Because of problems with adherence, toxicity, and increasing resistance associated with 6- to 12-month isoniazid regimens, an alternative short-course tuberculosis preventive regimen is needed. OBJECTIVE To compare a 2-month regimen of daily rifampin and pyrazinamide with a 12-month regimen of daily isoniazid in preventing tuberculosis in persons(More)
BACKGROUND In 2000, results of a multinational trial demonstrated that a 2-month course of rifampin and pyrazinamide (RZ) was as effective as isoniazid (INH) in reducing tuberculosis in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals with latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). After the release of new guidelines, the Centers for Disease Control and(More)
This study examined whether adding levofloxacin to a standard four-drug regimen improved the 8-week culture response and compared effectiveness of 9 versus 6 months of intermittent therapy for human immunodeficiency virus-related pansusceptible pulmonary tuberculosis. Patients were randomized to receive either four or five drugs, the fifth being(More)
The statistical properties of simple (complete) randomization, permuted-block (or simply blocked) randomization, and the urn adaptive biased-coin randomization are summarized. These procedures are contrasted to covariate adaptive procedures such as minimization and to response adaptive procedures such as the play-the-winner rule. General recommendations are(More)