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Motor equivalence expresses the idea that movement components reorganize in the face of perturbations to preserve the value of important performance variables, such as the hand's position in reaching. A formal method is introduced to evaluate this concept quantitatively: changes in joint configuration due to unpredictable elbow perturbation lead to a(More)
Is a person's response to one noxious stimulus similar to his/her responses to other noxious stimuli? This long-investigated topic in pain research has provided inconclusive results. In the present study, 2 samples were studied: one using 60 healthy volunteers and the other using 29 patients with coronary artery disease. Results showed near-zero(More)
OBJECTIVE Although considerable evidence implicates hostility in the development of coronary artery disease (CAD), the pathogenic mechanisms remain poorly understood. We have developed a psychophysiological model that holds that altered autonomic nervous system function links psychological traits with CAD outcomes. In laboratory studies, stressors reduce(More)
OBJECTIVE Hostility has been established as a risk factor for the development of coronary artery disease. Putatively pathogenic hemodynamic and neuroendocrine responses to psychological stressors are associated with hostility, but the cerebral effects of hostility and their relationship to these responses are unknown. This pilot study examined(More)
Charged particles traveling through matter at speeds larger than the phase velocity of light in the medium emit Cherenkov radiation. Calculations reveal that a given angle of the radiation conical wavefront is associated with two velocities, one above and one below a certain speed threshold. Emission at subluminal but not superluminal speeds is predicted(More)
The purpose of the study was to determine what dimensions of pain predicted scores on numerical rating scales (NRSs) of Pain, Anxiety, Depression, and Health Expectation in cancer patients. Seventy-one patients with intra-abdominal cancer responded to the Multidimensional Affect and Pain Survey (MAPS) and rated their pain and emotion on the NRSs. Scores on(More)
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Thanks especially to: Dr Raghu Mudumbai and Dr Soura Dasgupta, for seeing promise in my abilities and for supporting my research and education professionally and financially; Josiah McClurg to whom is due most of the credit for the research presented; Joan Hall, Ann Tudor, and Mama Achieng for their prayers which have helped me to leap(More)
UNLABELLED The concurrent construct validity of the Multidimensional Affect and Pain Survey (MAPS) was determined in a sample of 100 oncology outpatients. As recommended by Jensen, we examined the frequency pattern of correlations between MAPS and standard questionnaires that reached a criterion level of significance. As predicted, the 17 subclusters in the(More)
The purpose of this study was to validate the content and structure of the Multidimensional Affect and Pain Survey (MAPS) by means of factor analysis. The 101-MAPS is based on a dendrogram obtained by cluster analysis and contains 30 clusters subsumed within three superclusters. If the MAPS is a valid questionnaire for the quantification of emotion and pain(More)
Anecdotal and clinical reports suggest that athletes are stoical. However, there are few studies comparing persons who exercise regularly with those who do not. This study compared two independent samples of regular runners and normally active controls, both without recent exercise, on cold pressor, cutaneous heat, and tourniquet ischemic pain tests.(More)