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Anecdotal and clinical reports suggest that athletes are stoical. However, there are few studies comparing persons who exercise regularly with those who do not. This study compared two independent samples of regular runners and normally active controls, both without recent exercise, on cold pressor, cutaneous heat, and tourniquet ischemic pain tests.(More)
OBJECTIVE Although considerable evidence implicates hostility in the development of coronary artery disease (CAD), the pathogenic mechanisms remain poorly understood. We have developed a psychophysiological model that holds that altered autonomic nervous system function links psychological traits with CAD outcomes. In laboratory studies, stressors reduce(More)
Is a person's response to one noxious stimulus similar to his/her responses to other noxious stimuli? This long-investigated topic in pain research has provided inconclusive results. In the present study, 2 samples were studied: one using 60 healthy volunteers and the other using 29 patients with coronary artery disease. Results showed near-zero(More)
The purpose of this study was to validate the content and structure of the Multidimensional Affect and Pain Survey (MAPS) by means of factor analysis. The 101-MAPS is based on a dendrogram obtained by cluster analysis and contains 30 clusters subsumed within three superclusters. If the MAPS is a valid questionnaire for the quantification of emotion and pain(More)
OBJECTIVE Hostility has been established as a risk factor for the development of coronary artery disease. Putatively pathogenic hemodynamic and neuroendocrine responses to psychological stressors are associated with hostility, but the cerebral effects of hostility and their relationship to these responses are unknown. This pilot study examined(More)
Although the cause of silent myocardial ischemia (SMI) is unknown, several theories have been advanced to explain the disorder. Most prominent among these are the suggestions that attribute the condition to generalized impaired pain sensitivity and/or enhanced endorphin activity. The present study examined both hypotheses. It was carried out in 33 patients(More)
Blood pressure exhibits variability (BPV) at low (0.02- to 0.07-Hz), mid (0.07- to 0.15-Hz)-, and high (0.15- to 0.50-Hz) frequencies. Evidence suggests that BPV responses to challenge are inversely related to cardiac autonomic control. We tested this hypothesis by examining the BPV responses to psychological stressors in 22 normal subjects who differed in(More)
The purpose of the study was to determine what dimensions of pain predicted scores on numerical rating scales (NRSs) of Pain, Anxiety, Depression, and Health Expectation in cancer patients. Seventy-one patients with intra-abdominal cancer responded to the Multidimensional Affect and Pain Survey (MAPS) and rated their pain and emotion on the NRSs. Scores on(More)
Variability in blood pressure (BPV) is influenced by vascular sympathetic drive as well as autonomic control of the heart. Evidence suggests that elimination of cardiac autonomic control, as measured by heart period variability (HPV), produces a reduction in BPV at rest but an increase in BPV during challenge. We recently showed that the BPV response to(More)
UNLABELLED The concurrent construct validity of the Multidimensional Affect and Pain Survey (MAPS) was determined in a sample of 100 oncology outpatients. As recommended by Jensen, we examined the frequency pattern of correlations between MAPS and standard questionnaires that reached a criterion level of significance. As predicted, the 17 subclusters in the(More)
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