" Symphonic thinking is the signature ability of composers and conductors, whose jobs involve corralling a diverse group of notes, instruments, and performers producing a unified and pleasing sound. Entrepreneurs and inventors have long relied on this ability. But today, Symphony is becoming an essential aptitude for a much wider swath of the population. "
Spam is a significant information security threat that has affected many email and web users. We will outline the impact of spam in several communications media, including email, web, phishing, and social networks. Further, we use spam as an illustrative instance of the general class of denial of information (DOI) attacks, which can be seen as the… (More)