Paul H M Kullmann10
Edwin S Levitan6
Ilva Putzier3
10Paul H M Kullmann
6Edwin S Levitan
Learn More
Ca(v)1.3 (alpha 1D) L-type Ca(2+) channels have been implicated in substantia nigra (SN) dopamine (DA) neuron pacemaking and vulnerability to Parkinson's disease. These effects may arise from the depolarizing current and cytoplasmic Ca(2+) elevation produced by Ca(v)1.3 channels at subthreshold membrane potentials. However, the assumption that the Ca(2+)(More)
The dynamic-clamp method provides a powerful electrophysiological tool for creating virtual ionic conductances in living cells and studying their influence on membrane potential. Here we describe G-clamp, a new way to implement a dynamic clamp using the real-time version of the Lab-VIEW programming environment together with a Windows host, an embedded(More)
Midbrain dopamine (DA) neurons are slow intrinsic pacemakers that undergo depolarization (DP) block upon moderate stimulation. Understanding DP block is important because it has been correlated with the clinical efficacy of chronic antipsychotic drug treatment. Here we describe how voltage-gated sodium (Na(V)) channels regulate DP block and pacemaker(More)
Activation of D2 autoreceptors on midbrain dopamine neurons has been shown previously to acutely open K+ channels to inhibit intrinsically generated pacemaker activity. Here we report that D2 autoreceptors act chronically to produce an opposite action: to increase the speed and regularity of repetitive action potential firing. Voltage-, current-, and(More)
Bursting activity by midbrain dopamine neurons reflects the complex interplay between their intrinsic pacemaker activity and synaptic inputs. Although the precise mechanism responsible for the generation and modulation of bursting in vivo has yet to be established, several ion channels have been implicated in the process. Previous studies with nonselective(More)
A new scheme is presented for identifying three sympathetic phenotypes in the rat superior cervical ganglion using electrophysiology and neuropeptide Y expression. Postganglionic compound action potentials recorded from the external and internal carotid nerves each contained two peaks, 1 and 2, with distinct preganglionic stimulus thresholds. Peak 2 in the(More)
Biological gain mechanisms regulate the sensitivity and dynamics of signaling pathways at the systemic, cellular, and molecular levels. In the sympathetic nervous system, gain in sensory-motor feedback loops is essential for homeostatic regulation of blood pressure and body temperature. This study shows how synaptic convergence and plasticity can interact(More)
Interactions between nicotinic excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) critically determine whether paravertebral sympathetic ganglia behave as simple synaptic relays or as integrative centers that amplify preganglionic activity. Synaptic connectivity in this system is characterized by an n + 1 pattern of convergence, where each ganglion cell receives(More)
Midbrain dopamine neuron activity results from the integration of the responses to metabo- and ionotropic receptors with the postsynaptic excitability of these intrinsic pacemakers. Interestingly, intrinsic pacemaker rate varies greatly between individual dopamine neurons and is subject to short- and long-term regulation. Here responses of substantia nigra(More)
A subpopulation of neurons in the rat superior cervical ganglion (SCG) was found to lack immunostaining for VMAT2, an isoform of the vesicular monoamine transporter that loads catecholamines into vesicles for release at the synapse. Double labeling with neuropeptide Y (NPY), a marker for vasomotor neurons, revealed selective cellular colocalization of NPY(More)