John P. Hayslett

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Vasopressin is known to activate two types of cell surface receptors; V2, coupled to adenylate cyclase, and V1, linked to a Ca(2+)-dependent transduction system. We investigated whether arginine vasopressin (AVP) stimulation of electrogenic sodium transport in A6 cells, derived from Xenopus laevis, is mediated by activation of either one or both types of(More)
Although acute renal failure, caused either by renal ischemia or nephrotoxic agents, is usually characterized by oliguria, a severe fall in glomerular filtration rate, and a fall in renal blood flow, some patients and experimental models display a non-oliguric pattern of renal injury. The present study was designed to evaluate the mechanism of preservation(More)
Studies were performed to 1) systematically compare Ling-Gerard microelectrodes and electrodes with large tips (3 to 5 mu O.D.) in the measurement of the transepithelial potential difference (PD) in the mammalian distal tubule and 2) to examine the sign and magnitude of the transepithelial PD along the length of the distal tubule. Recordings made with the(More)
The excised patch clamp configuration provides a unique technique for some types of single channel analyses, but maintenance of stable, long-lasting preparations may be confounded by rundown and/or rapid loss of seal. Studies were performed on the amiloride-sensitive Na+ channel, located on the apical surface of A6 cells, to determine whether the(More)
This paper is the first in a new Clinical Feature Series that will be a regular feature in future issues of The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine. Papers in the series will focus on cases and disease processes of general interest to the practicing clinician, with the goal being to present the perspectives of expert clinicians regarding the accurate(More)
The present report documents the occurrence of lupus nephropathy as the sole initial manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Despite the absence of initial systemic signs characteristic of SLE, the diagnosis was confirmed on the basis of the renal histopathologic features and serological studies. Subsequent follow-up demonstrated systemic(More)
This review of adaptive changes in renal structure and function in subjects with reduced renal mass has two primary goals. One is to provide a description of the remarkable compensatory increases in glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and renal blood flow, at the level of individual nephrons, and the alterations in water and electrolyte transport by tubular(More)
In patients with lupus nephritis, progression from a mild lesion to a diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis has been reported in one to 35 percent of patients. Because of the wide variation in the rate of progression, this study was undertaken to determine those factors which would identify the patients most likely to progress. Of 21 patients with a mild(More)
Two weeks after 75 percent nephrectomy in rats fed a normal diet glomerular filtration rate was found to be reduced by 2/3 and there was no hyperkalemia. Normal K balance was maintained by a threefold increase of fractional urinary potassium excretion. When infused with 0.5 M KCl solution, both normal and 75 percent nephrectomized rats increased their(More)