John P.H. Th'ng

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The considerable length of DNA in eukaryotic genomes requires packaging into chromatin to fit inside the small dimensions of the cell nucleus. Histone H1 functions in the compaction of chromatin into higher order structures derived from the repeating 'beads on a string' nucleosome polymer. Modulation of H1 binding activity is thought to be an important step(More)
H1 histones bind to DNA as they enter and exit the nucleosome. H1 histones have a tripartite structure consisting of a short N-terminal domain, a highly conserved central globular domain, and a lysine-and arginine-rich C-terminal domain. The C-terminal domain comprises approximately half of the total amino acid content of the protein, is essential for the(More)
The mouse cell FT210 was isolated as a G2 phase mutant with a possible defect in the histone H1 kinase. We determined that a temperature-sensitive lesion in this cell line lies in the CDC2 gene. DNA sequence analysis revealed two point mutations in highly conserved regions of the gene: an isoleucine to valine change in the PSTAIR region, and a proline to(More)
We have examined the effects of topoisomerase inhibitors on the phosphorylation of histones in chromatin during the G2 and the M phases of the cell cycle. Throughout the G2 phase of BHK cells, addition of the topoisomerase II inhibitor VM-26 prevented histone H1 phosphorylation, accompanied by the inhibition of intracellular histone H1 kinase activity.(More)
YB-1 is a DNA/RNA-binding nucleocytoplasmic shuttling protein whose regulatory effect on many DNA- and RNA-dependent events is determined by its localization in the cell. Distribution of YB-1 between the nucleus and the cytoplasm is known to be dependent on nuclear targeting and cytoplasmic retention signals located within the C-terminal portion of YB-1.(More)
Histone acetylation plays an important role in regulating chromatin structure and thus gene expression. Here we describe the functional characterization of HDAC4, a human histone deacetylase whose C-terminal part displays significant sequence similarity to the deacetylase domain of yeast HDA1. HDAC4 is expressed in various adult human tissues, and its gene(More)
We have used a combination of kinetic measurements and targeted mutations to show that the C-terminal domain is required for high-affinity binding of histone H1 to chromatin, and phosphorylations can disrupt binding by affecting the secondary structure of the C terminus. By measuring the fluorescence recovery after photo-bleaching profiles of green(More)
The yeast sir2 gene plays a central role in mediating gene silencing and DNA repair in this organism. The mouse sir2alpha gene is closely related to its yeast homologue and encodes a nuclear protein expressed at particularly high levels in embryonic stem (ES) cells. We used homologous recombination to create ES cells null for sir2alpha and found that these(More)
The histone H1 family of nucleoproteins represents an important class of structural and architectural proteins that are responsible for maintaining and stabilizing higher-order chromatin structure. Essential for mammalian cell viability, they are responsible for gene-specific regulation of transcription and other DNA-dependent processes. In this review, we(More)