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The motivational and cognitive processes of behavior change in the area of screening mammography were investigated. A total of 676 women, 40 to 79 years old, were recruited for telephone interview through random selection from designated census tracts and were asked questions that assessed mammography stage-of-adoption and decisional balance constructs from(More)
The popularity of spinner spreaders for application of granular fertilizers and agricultural lime, along with increased interests in variable–rate technology (VRT), has raised concern about application accuracy and distribution of these spreaders. This investigation was undertaken to assess the application distribution of a VRT spinner fertilizer spreader.(More)
BACKGROUND Since the 1980s, Rhode Island has achieved one of the highest mammography screening rates in the nation. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of high mammography rates on breast cancer presentation and outcomes. METHODS Using the Rhode Island Cancer Registry, the incidence of DCIS and invasive cancer, tumor size, stage, rate(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding the ways in which socioeconomic status (SES) affects mortality is important for defining strategies to eliminate the unequal burden of cancer by race and ethnicity in the United States. METHODS Disease stage, treatment, and 5-year mortality rates were ascertained by reviewing medical records, and SES was determined by analyzing(More)
Few studies have examined the relationship of insurance status with the presentation and treatment of breast cancer. Using a state cancer registry, we compared tumor presentation and surgical treatments at presentation by insurance status (private insurance, Medicare, Medicaid, or uninsured). Student's t-test, Chi-square test, and ANOVA were used for(More)
A three-level hierarchical scale including IADL (shopping and transportation) and ADL (bathing, dressing, transferring, and feeding) was tested and validated based on secondary analysis of three studies of elders in the community: a population-based sample, the Cleveland-GAO, and two service-based samples, the Alternative Health Services Project, a study of(More)
BACKGROUND Mycoplasma pneumoniae continues to be a significant cause of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). A more definitive methodology for reliable detection of M. pneumoniae is needed to identify outbreaks and to prevent potentially fatal extrapulmonary complications. METHODS We analyzed 2 outbreaks of CAP due to M. pneumoniae. Nasopharyngeal and/or(More)
Data on sociodemographic status, health beliefs, knowledge of hepatitis B, experience with prior vaccinations, health locus of control, and desire to receive hepatitis B vaccine were assessed in 1,500 hospital employees. Twenty per cent of the variance of the decision to accept vaccine could be explained; beliefs about the safety and efficacy of vaccine(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to compare prostate cancer incidence and mortality trends between the United States and Canada over a period of approximately 30 years. METHODS Prostate cancer incident cases were chosen from the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) Program to estimate rates for the United(More)
Breast cancer survival is reportedly higher in the US than in Europe. The first worldwide study (CONCORD) found wide international differences in age-standardized survival. The aim of this study is to explain these survival differences. Population-based data on stage at diagnosis, diagnostic procedures, treatment and follow-up were collected for about(More)