John P. Collins

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BACKGROUND The prognosis of breast cancer in very young women is generally considered to be unfavourable. Therefore, the outcome of adjuvant therapy was analysed in a population of young (<35 years) premenopausal patients treated in four randomised controlled trials. METHODS Between 1978 and 1993 the International Breast Cancer Study Group (IBCSG) treated(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the use of luteal phase support improves pregnancy rate (PR) in infertility. DESIGN A meta-analysis of randomized trials of luteal phase support. Search of the National Library of Medicine MEDLINE data base from 1971 using the words luteal, pregnancy, human, and comparative. Bibliography of relevant articles, reviews, and(More)
BACKGROUND We sought to determine whether a high-risk group could be defined among patients with operable breast cancer in whom a search of occult central nervous system (CNS) metastases was justified. PATIENTS AND METHODS We evaluated data from 9524 women with early breast cancer (42% node-negative) who were randomized in International Breast Cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Current information on the prognostic importance of body mass index (BMI) for patients with early breast cancer is based on a variety of equivocal reports. Few have data on BMI in relationship to systemic treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients (6792) were randomized to International Breast Cancer Study Group trials from 1978 to 1993, studying(More)
PURPOSE The proper time to commence adjuvant chemotherapy after primary surgery for breast cancer is unknown. An analysis of the International (Ludwig) Breast Cancer Study Group (IBCSG) Trial V at a median follow-up of 11 years suggested that early initiation of adjuvant chemotherapy might improve outcome for premenopausal, node-positive patients whose(More)
Adjuvant chemotherapy-induced amenorrhoea has been shown to be associated with reduced relapses and improved survival for premenopausal breast cancer patients. Amenorrhoea was, therefore, studied to define features of chemotherapy (i.e. duration and timing) and disease-related factors which are associated with its treatment effects. We reviewed data from(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to clarify the prognostic and predictive value of immunoreactivity for the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27(Kip1) in patients with early-stage breast carcinoma and to investigate its relation with clinicopathologic features and other markers. METHODS Immunoreactivity for p27 protein was analyzed on tumor(More)
BACKGROUND The effectiveness of clomiphene citrate has been clearly demonstrated in the treatment of sub-fertility associated with oligo-ovulation. The multiple pregnancy rate associated with clomiphene, however, is elevated at approximately 10%. Additional side effects associated with clomiphene use also include hot flashes, mood swings, headaches and(More)
Educating and training tomorrow's surgeons has evolved to become a sophisticated and expensive exercise involving a wide range of learning methods, opportunities and stakeholders. Several factors influence this process, prompting those who provide such programmes to identify these important considerations and develop and implement appropriate responses. The(More)
BACKGROUND Although the etiology of endometriosis is unknown, several theories exist, the most popular of which is retrograde menstruation. As endometriosis can only be diagnosed by laparoscopy, neither the incidence (annual occurrence) nor the prevalence (proportion of the population affected) of endometriosis is known. The association between(More)