John P. Coghlan

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1. Recent studies in animals have linked fetal exposure to excess maternal glucocorticoids with the later occurrence of cardiovascular disorders, particularly hypertension. 2. To test the hypothesis that prenatal treatment could impact on adult blood pressure two groups of pregnant ewes were transported from the farm to the Institute at either 22-29 days of(More)
In the renal juxtaglomerular region of newborn sheep, it was found that glomerular peripolar cells and their granules were very much larger than those found in fetal lambs or adult sheep. Similar peripolar cell hypertrophy was triggered in fetal lambs treated in utero with intraperitoneal injections of dexamethasone. Ultrastructurally, granules of peripolar(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of relaxin on collagen content, solubility, and composition in the rat pubic symphysis. Nonpregnant, female Sprague-Dawley rats were bilaterally ovariectomized and either unprimed or primed with estrogen or progesterone alone, or a combination of estrogen and progesterone. One week later these animals were(More)
A specific and sensitive radioimmunoassay has been developed for the measurement of the secreted carbonic anhydrase isoenzyme (CA VI) in sheep saliva and tissues. The assay can detect as little as 75 pg of CA VI, and the antibody used does not cross-react with CA II or CA III. The intra-assay variation, measured using a saliva sample, was 3.0%, whereas the(More)
The kidneys of teleost fish are associated with tissues containing secretory granules--the corpuscles of Stannius (CS). Electron microscopy indicates that the granules are of a proteinaceous nature and may represent hormones or enzymes of unrecognized physiological and biochemical function. In the present study, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and(More)
We investigated the location of expression of mouse glandular kallikrein genes in the submandibular gland of adult male mice at the ultrastructural level by hybridization histochemistry, using 32P- and 3H-labeled oligodeoxyribonucleotide probes. Vibratome slices were hybridized, flat-embedded, sectioned, and autoradiographs prepared. The 32P-labeled probe,(More)
Complementary DNA clones coding for the human secreted carbonic anhydrase isozyme (CA VI) have been isolated and their nucleotide sequences determined. These clones identify a 1.45-kb mRNA that is present in high levels in parotid submandibular salivary glands but absent in other tissues such as the sublingual gland, kidney, liver, and prostate gland.(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the changes in collagen metabolism that occur during pregnancy and parturition and upon relaxin administration to the rat pubic symphysial interpubic tissue. Pubic symphyses were collected from non-pregnant, and intact and ovariectomised pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats at days 15, 18 and 21 of pregnancy as well as during(More)