John P. Chang

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The biological actions of growth hormone (GH) are pleiotropic, including growth promotion, energy mobilization, gonadal development, appetite, and social behavior. Accordingly, the regulatory network for GH is complex and includes many endocrine and environmental factors. In fish, the neuroendocrine control of GH is multifactorial with multiple inhibitors(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a novel member of the secretin-glucagon peptide family. In mammals, this peptide has been located in a wide range of tissues and is involved in a variety of biological functions. In lower vertebrates, especially fish, increasing evidence suggests that PACAP may function as a hypophysiotropic(More)
We have previously reported that neuropeptide-Y (NPY) stimulates GH and gonadotropin-II (GtH-II) release from perifused pituitary fragments in the goldfish. Since the teleost pituitary is directly innervated by neurosecretory terminals from the brain, we further investigated the possible sites of action of NPY. Both synthetic human NPY and NPY-(18-36), an(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a member of the glucagon/secretin peptide family, and its molecular structure is highly conserved in vertebrates. In this study, the functional role of PACAP in regulating GH release in the goldfish was investigated. Using immunohistochemical staining, nerve fibers with PACAP immunoreactivity(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) has been established as a regulator of ciliary beating in numerous systems. In early embryos of Helisoma trivolvis, a cilia-driven rotational movement is modulated by the release of endogenous serotonin from a pair of embryonic neurons, ENC1s, directly onto the ciliated epithelium. The present study was undertaken to examine the signal(More)
The evolution of GnRH and the role of multiple forms within the brain are examined. Three forms of GnRH were purified from the brain of Pacific herring (Clupea harengus pallasi) and characterized using Edman degradation and mass spectrometry. Two forms correspond with the known structures of chicken GnRH-II and salmon GnRH that are found in many vertebrate(More)
Gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone (GnIH) inhibits gonadotropin release in birds and mammals. To investigate its role in teleosts, we examined the effects of synthetic goldfish (g)GnIH on pituitary LH-β and FSH-β subunit, and gGnIH receptor (gGnIH-R) mRNA levels and LH secretion in goldfish. Intraperitoneal injections of gGnIH increased pituitary LH-β and(More)
Our recent studies have demonstrated reproductive problems in white sucker (Catostomus commersoni) exposed to bleached kraft pulp mill effluent (BKME) at Jackfish Bay on Lake Superior. These fish exhibit delayed sexual maturity, reduced gonadal size, reduced secondary sexual characteristics, and circulating steroid levels depressed relative to those of(More)
Two cell dispersion methods for excised goldfish pituitary glands were tested, and a cultured dispersed cell system based on trypsin enzymatic tissue digestion was developed and characterized. Controlled trypsin/DNase treatment of goldfish pituitary gland yielded dispersed cells of high viability (trypsin blue exclusion test) that responded to gonadotropin(More)