John P. Bradley

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We have carried out a comprehensive survey of the isotopic compositions (H, B, C, N, O, and S) of a suite of interplanetary dust particles (IDPs), including both cluster and individual particles. Isotopic imaging with the NanoSIMS shows the presence of numerous discrete hotspots that are strongly enriched in N, up to 1300&. A number of the IDPs also contain(More)
Nonstoichiometric grains with depletions of magnesium and silicon (relative to oxygen) and inclusions of iron-nickel metal and iron-rich sulfides have been identified in interplanetary dust particles from comets. These chemical anomalies accumulate in grains exposed to ionizing radiation. The grains, known as GEMS (glass with embedded metal and sulfides),(More)
Because hydrogen and nitrogen isotopic anomalies in interplanetary dust particles have been associated with carbonaceous material, the lack of similar anomalies in carbon has been a major conundrum. We report here the presence of a 13C depletion associated with a 15N enrichment in an anhydrous interplanetary dust particle. Our observations suggest that the(More)
The Stardust spacecraft collected thousands of particles from comet 81P/Wild 2 and returned them to Earth for laboratory study. The preliminary examination of these samples shows that the nonvolatile portion of the comet is an unequilibrated assortment of materials that have both presolar and solar system origin. The comet contains an abundance of silicate(More)
Infrared spectra of material captured from comet 81P/Wild 2 by the Stardust spacecraft reveal indigenous aliphatic hydrocarbons similar to those in interplanetary dust particles thought to be derived from comets, but with longer chain lengths than those observed in the diffuse interstellar medium. Similarly, the Stardust samples contain abundant amorphous(More)
We measured the elemental compositions of material from 23 particles in aerogel and from residue in seven craters in aluminum foil that was collected during passage of the Stardust spacecraft through the coma of comet 81P/Wild 2. These particles are chemically heterogeneous at the largest size scale analyzed ( approximately 180 ng). The mean elemental(More)
Insoluble plutonium- and americium-bearing colloidal particles formed during simulated weathering of a high-level nuclear waste glass. Nearly 100 percent of the total plutonium and americium in test ground water was concentrated in these submicrometer particles. These results indicate that models of actinide mobility and repository integrity, which assume(More)
MICROMETEORITES. T. Yada, F. J. Stadermann, C. Floss, E. Zinner, C. T. Olinger, G. A. Graham, J. P. Bradley, Z. Dai, T. Nakamura, T. Noguchi, M. Bernas, Lab. for Space Sci., Phys. Dept., Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO 63130-4899, USA. Dept. Earth Planet. Sci., Grad. Sch. Sci., Univ. Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan. Los Alamos Nat. Lab., Los Alamos, NM 87545,(More)
The Stardust mission returned the first sample of a known outer solar system body, comet 81P/Wild 2, to Earth. The sample was expected to resemble chondritic porous interplanetary dust particles because many, and possibly all, such particles are derived from comets. Here, we report that the most abundant and most recognizable silicate materials in(More)
F. J. Molster, A. Demyk, L. d’ Hendecourt, J. P. Bradley, L. Bonal and J. Borg, Research and Scientific Support Department of ESA, ESTEC, Keplerlaan 1, 2201 AZ Noordwijk, The Netherlands (fmolster@rssd.esa.int), PhLAM, Bat P5, Universite des Sciences et Technologies de Lille, 59665 Villeneuve d'Ascq cedex, France, IASCNRS, Université Paris XI, Bâtiment 121,(More)