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BACKGROUND In order to improve neuromuscular and biomechanical characteristic deficits in female athletes, numerous injury prevention programs have been developed and have successfully reduced the number of knee ligament injuries. However, few have investigated the neuromuscular and biomechanical changes following these training programs. It is also largely(More)
Because of the nature of running, the forces encountered require a proper coordination of joint action of the lower extremity to dissipate the ground reaction forces and accelerations through the kinetic chain. Running-related muscle fatigue may reduce the shock absorbing capacity of the lower extremity and alter running kinematics. The purpose of this(More)
To examine the kinematic characteristics of the hip and knee during a single-leg stop-jump task before and after exercise-to-fatigue, and to determine if the fatigue response is gender-dependent. Lower extremity kinematic measurements were taken of male and female subjects while they performed a sports functional task before and after fatigue developed from(More)
Research examining the menstrual cycle and its relationship to ACL injury has focused on determining the incidence of ACL injury during the different phases of the menstrual cycle and assessing the changes in neuromuscular and biomechanical characteristics between these phases. Conflicting results warrant further investigation to determine if neuromuscular(More)
Although anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are not gender specific, they do occur at a significantly greater rate in females. Biomechanical and neuromuscular deficits in females have been documented as factors contributing to ACL injuries, however little research has been conducted in the area of preventative training programs to improve these(More)
The additional weight of combat and protective equipment carried by soldiers on the battlefield and insufficient adaptations to this weight may increase the risk of musculoskeletal injury. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of the additional weight of equipment on knee kinematics and vertical ground reaction forces (VGRF) during(More)
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) continues to be a significant medical issue for athletes participating in sports and recreational activities. Biomechanical analyses have determined that anterior shear force is the most direct loading mechanism of the ACL and a probable component of noncontact ACL injury. The purpose of this study was to examine the(More)
INTRODUCTION Physical training for United States military personnel requires a combination of injury prevention and performance optimization to counter unintentional musculoskeletal injuries and maximize warrior capabilities. Determining the most effective activities and tasks to meet these goals requires a systematic, research-based approach that is(More)
BACKGROUND Jumping and landing tasks that have a change in direction have been implicated as a mechanism of noncontact anterior cruciate ligament injury. Yet, to date, neuromuscular and biomechanical research has focused primarily on straight landing tasks during planned jumps. HYPOTHESIS Lateral and reactive jumps increase the neuromuscular and(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop and assess the reliability and precision of knee internal/external rotation (IR/ER) threshold to detect passive motion (TTDPM) and determine if gender differences exist. DESIGN Test-retest for the reliability/precision and cross-sectional for gender comparisons. SETTING University neuromuscular and human performance research(More)