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Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) continues to be a significant medical issue for athletes participating in sports and recreational activities. Biomechanical analyses have determined that anterior shear force is the most direct loading mechanism of the ACL and a probable component of noncontact ACL injury. The purpose of this study was to examine the(More)
BACKGROUND In order to improve neuromuscular and biomechanical characteristic deficits in female athletes, numerous injury prevention programs have been developed and have successfully reduced the number of knee ligament injuries. However, few have investigated the neuromuscular and biomechanical changes following these training programs. It is also largely(More)
Because of the nature of running, the forces encountered require a proper coordination of joint action of the lower extremity to dissipate the ground reaction forces and accelerations through the kinetic chain. Running-related muscle fatigue may reduce the shock absorbing capacity of the lower extremity and alter running kinematics. The purpose of this(More)
BACKGROUND Jumping and landing tasks that have a change in direction have been implicated as a mechanism of noncontact anterior cruciate ligament injury. Yet, to date, neuromuscular and biomechanical research has focused primarily on straight landing tasks during planned jumps. HYPOTHESIS Lateral and reactive jumps increase the neuromuscular and(More)
Research examining the menstrual cycle and its relationship to ACL injury has focused on determining the incidence of ACL injury during the different phases of the menstrual cycle and assessing the changes in neuromuscular and biomechanical characteristics between these phases. Conflicting results warrant further investigation to determine if neuromuscular(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to establish the intrasession and intersession reliability and precision of threshold to detect passive motion (TTDPM), force sense (FS), and active joint position sense (JPS) tests for the hip in healthy individuals. DESIGN Descriptive laboratory study. SETTING Research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS Data were collected(More)
To examine the kinematic characteristics of the hip and knee during a single-leg stop-jump task before and after exercise-to-fatigue, and to determine if the fatigue response is gender-dependent. Lower extremity kinematic measurements were taken of male and female subjects while they performed a sports functional task before and after fatigue developed from(More)
Although anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are not gender specific, they do occur at a significantly greater rate in females. Biomechanical and neuromuscular deficits in females have been documented as factors contributing to ACL injuries, however little research has been conducted in the area of preventative training programs to improve these(More)
BACKGROUND Single-leg balance (SLB) can be chronically impaired after low back pain (LBP). Impaired SLB is a risk factor for recurrent LBP and lower extremity injury. In the United States military, the special forces operator (SFO) deploys on high-risk missions under extreme conditions, and impaired SLB can potentially threaten SFO safety and mission(More)
CONTEXT The importance of the sensorimotor system in maintaining a stable knee joint has been recognized. As individual entities, knee-joint proprioception, landing kinematics, and knee muscles play important roles in functional joint stability. Preventing knee injuries during dynamic tasks requires accurate proprioceptive information and adequate muscular(More)