John O'reilly

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The nucleobase-cation-symport-1 (NCS1) transporters are essential components of salvage pathways for nucleobases and related metabolites. Here, we report the 2.85-angstrom resolution structure of the NCS1 benzyl-hydantoin transporter, Mhp1, from Microbacterium liquefaciens. Mhp1 contains 12 transmembrane helices, 10 of which are arranged in two inverted(More)
Obtrusive 13C-backgrounds can be a problem in 13C NMR-based studies of ligand binding to bacterial membrane transport proteins in their natural state in inner membranes. This is largely solved for the bacterial galactose-H+ symport protein GalP by growing the producing organism Escherichia coli on 13C-depleted glucose (13C </= 0.07%) as the main carbon(More)
Drug efflux proteins are widespread amongst microorganisms, including pathogens. They can contribute to both natural insensitivity to antibiotics and to emerging antibiotic resistance and so are potential targets for the development of new antibacterial drugs. The design of such drugs would be greatly facilitated by knowledge of the structures of these(More)
The inhibition of aromatase, the cytochrome P450 enzyme complex responsible for the conversion of androgens to estrogens, may be useful for the endocrine treatment of breast cancer. Previously, several 7 alpha-thio-substituted androstenediones have been shown to be potent inhibitors of aromatase. Recent research has focused on producing a more metabolically(More)
Alternative splicing of the ketohexokinase (fructokinase) gene generates a "central" predominantly hepatic isoform (ketohexokinase-C) and a more widely distributed ketohexokinase-A. Only the abundant hepatic isoform is known to possess activity, and no function is defined for the lower levels of ketohexokinase-A in peripheral tissues. Hepatic ketohexokinase(More)
A general strategy for the amplified expression in Escherichia coli of membrane transport and receptor proteins from other bacteria is described. As an illustration we report the cloning of the putative alpha-ketoglutarate membrane transport gene from the genome of Helicobacter pylori, overexpression of the protein tagged with RGS(His)6 at the C-terminus,(More)
A genomic strategy for the overexpression of bacterial multidrug and antibiotic resistance membrane efflux proteins in Escherichia coli is described. Expression is amplified so that the encoded proteins from a range of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria comprise 5% to 35% of E. coli inner membrane protein. Depending upon their topology, proteins are(More)
Recent attention has been drawn to the close association between obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Debate has included much discussion about cause and effect with mechanisms proposed whereby one condition might cause the other. However, both clearly share a common phenotype, namely, obesity that overlaps considerably with(More)