John O’Dowd

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BACKGROUND Preschool language and neurodevelopmental problems often persist and impede learning. The aims of the current study are to assess the uptake of a new universal 30 month health visitor contact and to quantify the prevalence of language delay and social/emotional difficulties. METHODS All families of 30 month old children in four Glasgow(More)
BACKGROUND Negative early years and childhood experiences (EYCE), including socio-economic circumstances, parental health and parenting style, are associated with poor health outcomes both in childhood and adulthood. It has also been proposed that EYCE were historically worse in Scottish areas, especially Glasgow and the Clyde Valley, compared to elsewhere(More)
—Due to the introduction of new broadband services, individual line data rates are expected to exceed 100 Gb/s in the near future. To operate at these high speeds, new optical signal processing techniques will have to be developed. This paper will demonstrate that two-photon absorption in a specially designed semiconductor microcavity is an ideal candidate(More)
Temperature tuning of a GaAs two-photon absorption microcavity photodetector with a tuning rate of 0.125 nm per degree is demonstrated. The detector response is shown to be independent of temperature change in the range 10 –508C. Introduction: Two-photon absorption (TPA) has recently received attention with optical performance monitoring of group velocity(More)
This paper presents a theoretical and experimental investigation into the use of a two-photon absorption (TPA) photodetector for use in chromatic dispersion (CD) monitoring in highspeed, WDM network. In order to overcome the inefficiency associated with the nonlinear optical-to-electrical TPA process, a microcavity structure is employed. An interesting(More)
—Suppression of residual single-photon absorption (SPA) relative to two-photon absorption (TPA) in a high finesse GaAs planar microcavity is explored. The TPA photocurrent becomes larger than the SPA photocurrent as long as the incident continuous-wave optical power exceeds 0.09 mW. An optical power of 5 mW would be required if the relative SPA suppression(More)
Ultrasonication at 20 kHz and intensity of 50 W/cm2 of a diploid strain ofAspergillus nidulans was found to lead to a significant increase in haploidization of germinating conidiospores. In a preliminary study ultrasound was found not to have an effect on the rate of reverse mutation in conidiospore suspensions of auxotrophic mutants.
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