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DNA methylation is associated with the silencing of gene expression. The predominant mechanism involves the methylation of DNA and the subsequent recruitment of binding proteins that preferentially recognize methylated DNA. In turn, these proteins associate with histone deacetylase and chromatin remodelling complexes to cause the stabilization of condensed(More)
Ectopic secretion of ACTH, from sites such as small cell lung cancer (SCLC), results in severe Cushing's syndrome. ACTH is cleaved from POMC. The syndrome may occur when the highly tissue-specific promoter of the human POMC gene (POMC) is activated. The mechanism of activation is not fully understood. This promoter is embedded within a defined CpG island,(More)
Major depression is associated with significant disturbance in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis functioning, including blunted release of ACTH in response to CRH infusion. Eight melancholic depressives and eight matched healthy comparison subjects underwent, in random order, the following challenges: placebo, CRH, CRH + DDAVP. Blood for ACTH and cortisol(More)
Active Cushing's syndrome is associated with insulin resistance induced by the high and prolonged circulating level of glucocorticoids. In endogenous Cushing's syndrome the overall incidence of diabetes mellitus and insulin resistance is very likely to be under-reported as not all patients are actively investigated with glucose tolerance tests. Whilst it is(More)
OBJECTIVE Our objective was to evaluate the published literature and reach a consensus on the treatment of patients with ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome, because there is no recent consensus on the management of this rare disorder. PARTICIPANTS Thirty-two leading endocrinologists, clinicians, and neurosurgeons with specific expertise in the management(More)
These guidelines update previous guidance published in 2005. They have been revised by a group who are members of the UK and Ireland Neuroendocrine Tumour Society with endorsement from the clinical committees of the British Society of Gastroenterology, the Society for Endocrinology, the Association of Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland (and its Surgical(More)
BACKGROUND Cushing's disease is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Pasireotide, a potential therapy, has a unique, broad somatostatin-receptor-binding profile, with high binding affinity for somatostatin-receptor subtype 5. METHODS In this double-blind, phase 3 study, we randomly assigned 162 adults with Cushing's disease and a urinary free(More)
Menstrual irregularity is a common complaint at presentation in women with Cushing's syndrome, although the etiology has been little studied. We have assessed 45 female patients (median age, 32 yr; range, 16-41 yr) with newly diagnosed pituitary-dependent Cushing's syndrome. Patients were subdivided into 4 groups according to the duration of their menstrual(More)