John N. Stallone

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Cardiovascular diseases are often considered to be a predominantly male health problem, and it has been suggested that testosterone exerts deleterious effects on cardiovascular function; however, few experimental studies support this suggestion. Moreover, the cellular and molecular mechanism(s) underlying vascular responses to testosterone is unknown. The(More)
Recent studies have established that testosterone (Tes) produces acute (nongenomic) vasorelaxation. This study examined the structural specificity of Tes-induced vasorelaxation and the role of vascular smooth muscle (VSM) K+ channels in rat thoracic aorta. Aortic rings from male Sprague-Dawley rats with (Endo+) and without endothelium (Endo-) were prepared(More)
Several recent studies have provided evidence that gonadal steroid hormones can exert acute (nongenomic) effects on both neural and vascular tissues. This study examines the acute effects of testosterone (T) on vascular reactivity of the rat thoracic aorta. Aortic rings from male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats with (+ENDO) and without (-ENDO) endothelium were(More)
The heat shock proteins (HSPs) are an important family of endogenous, protective proteins that are found in all tissues. In the heart, HSP72, the inducible form of HSP70, has been the most intensely studied. It is well established that HSP72 is induced with ischemia and is cardioprotective. Overexpression of other HSPs also is protective against cardiac(More)
Recently developed radioimmunoassay (RIA techniques were employed in a quantitative investigation of the renal actions of the avian antidiuretic hormone arginine vasotocin (AVT) in the conscious domestic fowl. Constant intravenous infusion of AVT at doses of 0.125-1.00 ng . kg-1 . min-1 was used to produce plasma AVT (PAVT) concentrations (verified by RIA)(More)
Estrogen potentiates vascular reactivity to vasopressin (VP) by enhancing constrictor prostanoid function. To determine the cellular and molecular mechanisms, the effects of estrogen on arachidonic acid metabolism and on the expression of constrictor prostanoid pathway enzymes and endoperoxide/thromboxane receptor (TP) were determined in the female rat(More)
Androgens are reported to have both beneficial and detrimental effects on human cardiovascular health. The aim of this study was to characterize nongenomic signaling mechanisms in coronary artery smooth muscle (CASM) and define the ionic basis of testosterone (TES) action. TES-induced relaxation of endothelium-denuded porcine coronary arteries was nearly(More)
Previously, we reported that, in the rat, pressor responsiveness to vasopressin (VP) is higher in males than in females during most phases of the estrous cycle. To explore the role of the vasculature in this phenomenon, we examined vascular reactivity to VP in thoracic aortas of male rats and female rats during each phase of the estrous cycle. Aortic rings(More)
Kallistatin is a serine proteinase inhibitor which binds to tissue kallikrein and inhibits its activity. The aim of this study is to evaluate if kallistatin has a direct effect on the vasculature and on blood pressure homeostasis. We found that an intravenous bolus injection of human kallistatin caused a rapid, potent, and transient reduction of mean(More)
Estrogens can either relax or contract arteries via rapid, nongenomic mechanisms involving classic estrogen receptors (ER). In addition to ERα and ERβ, estrogen may also stimulate G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER) in nonvascular tissue; however, a potential role for GPER in coronary arteries is unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine(More)