John N Soltys

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Exogenous application of neural progenitor cells (NPCs) has successful implications in treating brain disorders, and research is beginning to identify ways to mimic this exogenous application by activating endogenous stem cell compartments. The recent discovery of a functional endocannabinoid system in murine NPCs (mNPCs) represents one potential(More)
B cells are implicated in the etiology of multiple sclerosis (MS). Intrathecal IgG synthesis, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) oligoclonal bands and lesional IgG deposition suggest a role for antibody-mediated pathology. We examined the binding of IgG1 monoclonal recombinant antibodies (rAbs) derived from MS patient CSF expanded B cell clones to central nervous(More)
Interferon-beta (IFN-beta) is a mainstay therapy for relapse-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS). However, the direct effects of IFN-beta on the central nervous system (CNS) are not well understood. To determine whether IFN-beta has direct neuroprotective effects on CNS cells, we treated adult mouse neural progenitor cells (NPCs) in vitro with IFN-beta and(More)
Somatostatin and cortistatin are neuromodulators with divergent expression patterns and biological roles. Whereas expression and function of genes encoding somatostatin (PSS1) and the related peptide cortistatin (PSS2) have been studied in detail for the central nervous system (CNS) and immune system, relatively little is known about their expression(More)
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an autoimmune disorder of the central nervous system directed against astrocytes. Initially diagnosed in individuals with monophasic or relapsing optic neuritis and transverse myelitis, NMO is now recognized as a demyelinating disorder with pleiotropic presentations due to the identification of a specific autoantibody response(More)
Inflammation in relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) is hypothesized to provide neuroprotective effects via altered cytokine/neurotrophin homeostasis. The distinct neurotrophin production from specific cell populations has not been systematically studied and is likely of high yield in understanding the complex regulation of MS pathogenesis. Here,(More)
Interferon beta (IFN-β) is a mainline treatment for multiple sclerosis (MS); however its exact mechanism of action is not completely understood. IFN-β is known as an immunomodulator; although recent evidence suggests that IFN-β may also act directly on neural stem/progenitor cells (NPCs) in the central nervous system (CNS). NPCs can differentiate into all(More)
Determining the spatial relationship of individual proteins in dense assemblies remains a challenge for superresolution nanoscopy. The organization of aquaporin-4 (AQP4) into large plasma membrane assemblies provides an opportunity to image membrane-bound AQP4 antibodies (AQP4-IgG) and evaluate changes in their spatial distribution due to alterations in(More)
Benign multiple sclerosis is a retrospective diagnosis based primarily on a lack of motor symptom progression. Recent findings that suggest patients with benign multiple sclerosis experience non-motor symptoms highlight the need for a more prospective means to diagnose benign multiple sclerosis early in order to help direct patient care. In this study, we(More)
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