John N Schullinger

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Sixty-four cases of necrotizing enterocolitis are reviewed. The diagnosis was based on tissue examination in 57 and on the clinical syndrome, including pneumatosis, in 7. Three factors are important in the development of the disease: injury to the intestinal mucosa, bacteria, and feedings. The indications for surgical intervention are pneumoperitoneum,(More)
Calcified caval thrombus should be considered in any infant or child where calcifications are noted in the high right retroperitoneal area on plain x-rays of the abdomen. Although typically bullet-shaped in configuration, the calcium distribution in the neonate may be atypical or incompletely developed, suggesting neuroblastoma. Definitive diagnosis can be(More)
Since 1974 nine neonates have been treated for iatrogenic esophageal perforation. They ranged in weight from 480 to 3900 g. Four of them had been resuscitated for meconium aspiration, four were being treated for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), and one had received only routine postpartum suctioning and gastric aspiration. In five infants, esophageal(More)
Gastrointestinal (GI) abnormalities are frequent in patients with Down's syndrome. In a 12-year retrospective review, we identified 187 patients with Down's syndrome admitted to the Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center. Twenty-seven had major GI disorders, the most common being duodenal stenosis (DS, nine), gastroesophageal reflux (GER, five), imperforate(More)
BACKGROUND Overweight and obesity occur in 17% of children in the United States. Complications of excess weight in Americans cause 216,000 to 300,000 deaths yearly and cost $147 billion. METHODS A convenience sample of 14 intervention and 15 control schools in the Catholic Diocese of Pittsburgh was used. A program to improve lifestyle (Values Initiative(More)
The aortic arch can be clearly demonstrated in neonatal chest radiographs by use of a high kilovoltage-filtered film with air-gap magnification. This allows identification of the presence of right aortic arch in patients with esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula; awareness of this anomaly may influence choice of surgical approach.
To the four recorded cases of epidermoid cysts of the liver are added two cases recently seen in children. One was in a 4-yr-old girl and associated with biliary cirrhosis. The other was in a 5-mo-old boy. The former was treated by roux-en-y cystjejunostomy, the latter by enucleation. The origin of these cysts is unknown. One theory suggests derivation from(More)
Correction of esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula can present a difficult problem when distance and tension between upper and lower esophageal segments are too great for primary anastomosis. Alternatives have included staged procedures with upper pouch elongation or interpositions. In 1974, Shafer and David described an operation in which the(More)