John N. Owens

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Conifer pollen tubes are an important but underused experimental system in plant biology. They represent a major evolutionary step in male gametophyte development as an intermediate form between the haustorial pollen tubes of cycads and Ginkgo and the structurally reduced and faster growing pollen tubes of flowering plants. Conifer pollen grains are(More)
 Our previous attempt on in vitro fertilization (IVF) in conifers resulted in pollen tube penetration of female gametophytes, but because of the rapid decline in egg viability, no further interaction occurred. In this report, we describe for the first time that IVF has been achieved in conifers. Using Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), we describe a(More)
 Pollen tube and female gametophyte interactions in Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) were examined in vitro. Formation of pollen tubes in Douglas fir occurred on a modified Murashige and Skoog medium in which concentrations of H3BO3 and Ca(NO3)2 were altered and supplemented with sucrose and polyethylene glycol. Addition of 100 μg/ml H3BO3 and 300 μg/ml(More)
Fertilisation and proembryo development are described from transmission electron micrographs emphasising the origin and fate of the maternal and paternal mitochondria and plastids. During central cell and egg development mitochondria migrate toward the nuclei, forming a perinuclear zone consisting predominantly of maternal mitochondria and polysomes. At the(More)
Stages of normal sexual reproduction between pollen germination and egg maturation are described for interior spruce. These prezygotic stages were studied by light and electron microscopy in more detail than was possible in previous studies, and new observations have been made. Sperm (male gametes) formation and the organelles that accompany the sperm(More)
 A biolistic particle delivery system was used to genetically transform pollen tubes of three species of white pine (Pinus aristata, P. griffithii and P. monticola). The introduced plasmid DNA contained the GUS coding sequence flanked by the 35S CaMV promoter and NOS terminator sequences. Successful gene delivery was demonstrated by transient GUS expression(More)
The DNAs of 17 isolates of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) were analysed by restriction endonuclease cleavage and agarose gel electrophoresis. By comparing gel patterns of DNAs cleaved with only a few enzymes, all epidemiologically distinct isolates were shown to be unique. Two isolates recovered from members of a family infected in a common-source outbreak(More)
OBJECTIVE We evaluated citrate salt, acetate salt, and their combinations for antibacterial activity against a sample of common pathogens. METHODS Bacterial suspensions were added to serial microdilutions of the salts in broth, with final cell concentrations of 10(4-5) colony-forming units per milliliter. After overnight incubation at 35 degrees C, the(More)
The genes encoding broadly HIV-1-neutralizing human monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) are highly divergent from their germ line counterparts. We have hypothesized that such high levels of somatic hypermutation could pose a challenge for elicitation of the broadly neutralizing (bn) Abs and that identification of less somatically mutated bn Abs may help in the(More)